“If world crude prices rise, then U.S. refiners must offer and pay higher prices for crude they buy. Facing higher input costs from crude, refiners charge more for the gasoline they sell at wholesale. This requires gas stations to pay more for their gasoline. In turn, gas stations, facing higher input costs, charge consumers more at the pump” (FTC, 2005. para19). As a result of gas station paying more for their gasoline, this will increase the amount the customer will have to pay for gasoline.
With reference to extract one, assess the likely effect of a fall in the sterling exchange rate on the UK’s deficit in the trade of goods and services. (12 marks) A fall in the exchange rate of 25% means the pound becomes weaker, this means imports are more expensive, and exports are cheaper. As a result of this, this may mean a large increase in demand for exports and a considerable decrease in demand for imports, therefore decreasing the deficit of the balance of payments in the UK as predicted. However, if the goods we are importing and exporting are inelastic, meaning they have a less than proportional response to price, an increase in the price of imports, and a decrease in the price of exports may not have a great effect on the trade of goods and services and so therefore not improve on the deficit the UK holds. As stated in extract 1, it tells us that the goods we import are not made in the UK and so makes it impossible to replace the imports, therefore meaning that we still have to import goods, despite the high prices due to the low exchange rate of sterling.
And how? The moment there is speculation that crude will be trading higher, retailers usually increase their prices in an attempt to keep their margins intact for future purchases. Contrarily, when the price of the crude decreases, retailers are not inclined to lower rates as fast as they have raised it in order to maximize profits.” (Austin, 2011) So you can say when the price of oil is rising, the merchants have a small opportunity to gain a profit. Yet when the prices are low, they utilize this to take a advantage of the situation and delay the lowering of prices at the pump. It might be acceptable from their point of view for this reasoning.
Consumer price and producer price in 2009 to 2012 continue to drop and raise the price for consumers was not steady. The direction and magnitude of price change in the Producer Price Index for finished goods anticipates a similar change in the Consumer Price Index for all items. When this assumed relationship is contradicted by the actual movements of the two series. The answer is that conceptual and definitional differences between the PPI and CPI—differences which are consistent with the uses of the two measures—contribute to the differences in their price movements. A primary use of the PPI is to deflate revenue streams in order to measure real growth in output.
He explains that as the global need for oil grows it puts more money in the pockets of the oil producing countries. He has a great “law” in this chapter that says that as oil prices increases the amount of freedom decreases. I found this very interesting just because the measure of freedom can be very subjective and it depends on what a person’s view of freedom is. He also tries to say that the increase of money in these countries fuels more terrorism. Which is another subjective idea because any country becomes richer would almost everything increase?
In the demand side, Methanex’s revenue was exposed to the fluctuation of the demand for methanol, since Methanex only produced methanol. This situation was more serious in the supply side, where the price the “raw material”, natural gas was subject to fluctuating prices, interruptions to supply lines and international policies and regulations governing imports and exports. In last decades, some plants in New Zealand and Egypt had to shut down temporally for fluctuating price of natural gas or political issues. The options for Methanex to solve/relieve these issues include: • Using derivatives on natural gas and methanol to hedge the risk from price fluctuation • Expanding the market in China to explore opportunities in both demand and supply sides • Exploring opportunities in areas where long-term contacts on demand (in methanol) or supply (in natural gas) instead of focusing only on the richness in natural gas reserve • Expanding new products lines to reduce the risk from strongly relying on a single product. It could also make use of the idle resources (plants, machines, etc.)
Democracy in the Middle East Gasoline is the bloodline that keeps America moving, and tracking gas prices can feel like a roller coaster ride. They're down a little one month, up the next. While the national average price for gasoline is $3.33, the actual cost at the pump can be as low as $3.01 in Wyoming or as high as $3.79 in Hawaii (Gas Buddy). Gas is an important productive resource in the world. Driving cars, heating buildings, producing electricity, people all need gas.
P5 M3 Assess the impacts of changes in global and European business environment on a selected business. Oil price fluctuations Crude oil is the worlds most traded commodity by value, it is vital for many industries e.g. transportations, polymers and energy production that are closely linked with oil production As you can see in the image above the price of oil has crashed within a few months which has drastically decreased the price of fuels, the cause of this crash was due to new production methods which allowed other people to produce oil rather than the just the few that could before, this new method is called fracking. Assessment of impacts for KI KI are not heavily reliant on oil, they only use fuel for their cars which their main consumption. The price of fuel does influence them though, the biggest benefit is the effect on the customers, the lowering of the price of fuel means that people will, in effect, have a small pay rise, this will help KI as this will increase their customer’s disposable income and increase their consumer confidence.
If there is a large increase in some of the figures of the expenditure, it could mean that there would be either a large decrease in the profits made by the company or that the company’s loss figure has increased suddenly. If there was a decrease on some of the figures in the expenditure, then this could mean that there has been a sudden increase in the profit they are making or the loss figure has decreased suddenly. Increasing VAT If there are increasing prices of VAT, then the company will need to make sure that this doesn’t affect the company to bad. The
Some of these factors include the Factors on the supply-side that affect prices include natural gas production, net imports, and underground storage levels. Increases in supply tend to pull prices down, while decreases in supply tend to push prices up. Increases in prices tend to encourage production, imports and sales from storage inventories. Declining prices tend to have the opposite effects. Factors on the demand side include economic conditions, winter and summer weather, and petroleum prices.