Effectively the act benefited the middle classes, who were now given an electoral voice in parliament, while the working classes were largely ignored, causing widespread anger and resentment for the act, and all those it benefited. The huge number of working classes wanted to be represented, and the act was yet more salt in the wound. If you were to gather up dates for the most widespread Chartist appreciation in Britain and put this on a graph alongside the economies peaks and troughs, the results would no doubt roughly mirror each other. For Chartism excelled during times of economic disturbance, particularly the late 30’s. This ran alongside the blossoming industrialisation of Britain, areas such as Stockport and Cheshire undergoing radical change were often the strongest supports of Chartism.
The reason why this role is taken away from governments is that they are obstacles to a nation’s development because they are inefficient and corrupt systems. A trend towards Neoliberalism began as early as the 1970s as a direct attack on the Keynesian ideology. The ideology came to the forefront of politics when both Prime Minister of England, Margaret Thatcher and President of the United States, Ronald Reagan implemented Neo-Liberal policies. While the practice of Neoliberalism can be seen in many countries, like other ideologies it is not without flaws; however, these flaws greatly outweigh the positives that occur through its practice. Therefore, Neoliberalism is an ineffective Pro-Market approach to development that contributes to inequality and causes more harm than good for both the global south and north.
This system tends to favour and give more opportunities to smaller parties such as the Liberal Democrats, who currently feel that the first past the post system is unfair towards them and numerous other parties. The system also tends to result in a coalition government being formed, which in some respects can be seen as a good thing, as proportional amounts of power are spread evenly between parties according to the amount of votes received. Northern Ireland, Germany, Australia and France all use different proportional systems at this current time however it is also a key issue in the UK at the moment, as we can see from the recent AV referendum which was held this year. Subsequently it was the decision of the Liberal Democrats to hold the election. Proportional systems are already currently being used in some parts of the UK, and is quite successful where it is in place.
Labour also receives these, but a large chunk of its income comes from trade unions. Lib Dem’s have also been boosted by large donations in recent years. Along with donations the UK also has a form of state funding. Opposition parties receive money to pay for administration and other costs. Otherwise, the ruling party - with its access to the instruments of government, such as the civil service - would have an unfair advantage.
Industrialization After the Civil War Thesis Professor Peralta History 105 10/25/14 Industrialization after the Civil War had a profound effect in the U.S. that is still felt to this day. While there were many positives that came out of it, like the U.S. becoming the largest and wealthiest nation in the world, there were many negative aspects to society, economy and politics that harmed more people than it helped. Many different groups of people would not have their voices heard during this time and would be swept away out of sight for some time, all in the name of progress. Three major aspects that influenced the U.S were the rise of monopolies and industry giants, the expansion into the west and the building of railroads, and finally the rise of factories and the working conditions of those employed there. Five groups that were affected by industrialization were Native Americans, immigrants to the U.S., women, children and farmers.
“Welfare policy successfully weathered an economic hurricane in the mid 1970’s and an ideological blizzard in the 1980’s” (Le Grand, 1990, p350) The above quote was in reference to the robustness of the British Welfare state according to Julian Le Grand (in Barr et al, 1990, p350). During the 1970’s Britain faced one of its worst economic crisis; in which he says that the welfare state in Britain had survived even though there was little money to do so. During the 1980’s there were welfare reforms imposed by Margaret Thatcher and her conservative government which was seen as the end of the welfare state by the selling of many Government run industries as part of a way to extend the private market space (Frogget, 2002, p80). The question is though, has the welfare state really survived this hectic period in history? If so, did it do this by learning from the mistakes
Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed October 21, 2008). Abstract: The Suez Canal Crisis and problems in the Gulf region had a huge impact on the British influence in international affairs. The transfer of imperialism was passed onto the Americans by the British in the aftermath of the British military pullout. Britain tried to cling onto its influence in the region as long as they could handle it economically but the pressure domestically was stressing Britain’s economy. As a result, the Americans gained control and influence of the remaining assets the British handled in the previous century.
Pressure groups are seen as a way to promote democracy, because they add to the plurality of the UK. However, they can also be seen as undemocratic, due to the influence they may have over political parties and governmental policy. Ways in which pressure groups promote democracy in the UK are: they act as an education function, they also add to participation. Democracy is promoted, also, by the added representation they allow, and promotion of minority interests. However, they are seen as undemocratic due wealth influencing a pressure groups ability to pressure, disproportionate influence, and they are also not accountable - internal democracy.
Why is Labour Productivity in the UK so low? There are a huge variety of reasons why, in comparison to other countries, our labour productivity is so low: One incredible important reason is that the government drive for full employment has been taking hold. As we can see here; our employment is faring well in comparison with other countries. However, a real problem is the government implementing policy that favours short term social benefit (like for example, mass employment, creation of needless projects simply to provide jobs), rather than long term economic benefit. There is a failure to realise that long term better economic welfare also means general higher standards of living, as people have enough money to buy everything they need and some of what they want, competition is rife so drives quality up and prices down, and the government are able to take in more taxes from firms who are much healthier financially.
The democratic nature of Britain reassures the citizens in that their government are acting in the best interests of the people as well as wider society – inclusive of any international citizens, especially those belonging to bodies which Britain holds membership to such as the EU. However, Britain suffers here endless criticism due to increasing rates of immigration and the economic drawbacks that this issue causes; in order to maintain a status on the world stage, it is perhaps in the best interest of Britain to be accepting of foreign individuals which in the long run may help recover the economic deficit. However, Britain still holds a leading role on the world stage – the Ending Sexual Violence in Conflict which took place last week saw Britain exerting large levels of influence and power – maintaining its role on the world stage. William Hague’s involvement in the Summit alongside Angelina Jolie garnered interest from various members of the public as well as delegates from all over the globe. Such a topic is an important area of discussion as well as problem prevention – however, it appeared that Britain fell behind slightly as Hague was criticised for being too star-struck and not focusing on the ISIS