Giorgio Di Chirico: the Mystery Behind the Madness

898 Words4 Pages
Giorgio de Chirico: the Mystery Behind the Madness

Giorgio de Chirico was a famous artist during much of the 19th century. He was a painter. He lived and painted during a time of great artistic innovation during the budding Modernist movement. He was the founder of the Metaphysical art movement which comprised of dream-like works with sharp contrasts of light and shadow. This style often had a threatening, mysterious quality that was ominous and foreboding. During de Chirico’s Metaphysical period he often painted cityscapes with different types of light that included unusual juxtaposition of statue-like objects.
De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece on July 10, 1888 to Italian parents. He studied art in Athens but was formally trained under the guidance of Greek artist Georgios Roilos. Following his father’s death, he moved to Germany and attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich in 1906. During his time studying at the Academy, he read literature written by philosophers like Max Klinger,Otto Weininger, and Arthur Schopenhauerwhich undoubtedly influenced his founding of Metaphysical art. After he completed his study in Munich, he left to Italy. In Italy, he began painting the first of his "Metaphysical Town Square" series. At the outbreak of the First World War, he returned to Italy. Upon his arrival in May 1915, he enlisted in the Italian army, but he was considered unfit for work and assigned to the hospital at Ferrara. He continued to paint, and in 1918, he transferred to Rome. From 1918, his work was exhibited extensively in Europe. Conversely, in 1919 he published "the Return of Craftsmanship" in which he stressed the importance of returning to traditional methods and subject matter. This caused a complete change in his artistic style. He became an outspoken proponent against the Modern art movement. His works from this point on were inspired by the likes

More about Giorgio Di Chirico: the Mystery Behind the Madness

Open Document