The Italian writer and poet, Niccolo Machiavelli, wrote a world famous book titled The Prince, which gave suggestions on how a proper ruler should lead his country. If Machiavelli was the ruler of Italy during the fifteenth century, he would have defended his country and restored the success and power they once had. Machiavelli became a politician at Florence in 1498, which was four years after the Medici family had been expelled from the city. Machiavelli loved politics, and was always traveling between Italy, Germany, and France. However, with the French defeat and Spanish victory over Florence in 1512, Machiavelli was sent into exile.
Giuseppe verdi (1813-1901) is an italian composer. His first opera Oberto was performed in 1939 and won fair success. In the middle of his career, he has given up composing due to several psychological impacts from deaths of his wife and kids. He was recognized as the Italian national hero, because he has supported independence of Italy. He has sat in Chamber of Deputies of Italy for couple of years.
Plenty of political power and perhaps more importantly the struggle around Machiavelli with lots of different factions looking to take control of the principality. Machiavelli was very much a simple man from a simple background. He spent his life as a mid-level government employee, working quite comfortably within the Florence republic until it collapsed in 1507, and then was exiled out, and accused of treason. This is when he found time to write the book “The Prince”, which he wanted to give to the government of Florence, the Medici Family. This can also be proven by the fact that the book was dedicated to Medici’s Grandson.
[Profile] John Cabot as Giovanni Caboto, he was bored in Italy, Genoa, 1450. His father Guilo Caboto was a famous spice merchant in Genoa. So, when he with his family moved to Venice, he started to help with his family business. And in 1490’s he moved to the Bristol in England, with his wife Mattea and three little sons called Ludovico, Sebastiano, and Sancto. He was very
Albert Speer – rise to prominence Albert Speer was a significant figure in German history due to his various architectural projects and his appointment as Minister for Armaments. Although he claimed to be apolitical, Speer joined the Nationalist Social party on March 1st, 1931 and from they’re his career in the Nazi party prospered. Speer’s first contribution to the Nazi party was as a chauffer, as district head of the Nazi Motorist League, where he met Karl Hanke. A recommendation by Hanke to Goebbels, gave Speer his first architectural assignment of decorating Goebbels headquarters in Berlin. Hitler approved the finished result, however Goebbels did not like its simplicity and had it redecorated.
(Black Pioneers of Science & Inventions, Haber, pg 13-15) Rillieux at a young age asked a lot of questions about the machines around the plantations and how they worked. His father as an engineer and inventor of the steam-operation cotton-bailing press, was really proud of his son and wanted to send him to receive the best education he could get. Because of the color difference the best school in New Orleans did not accept him,but that didn't stop Rillieux father. First because Rillieux was baptize as a catholic he went to catholic schools and study for his early age. Then, Rillieux father send him to Paris best school (L'Ecole) were there were no racial restrictions, to study engineering.
Before 1000 C.E. churches were simply built to allow villagers in their respective areas to be able to worship the God they believed in. Starting with the Romanesque style, and later the Gothic style architecture, churches began to become massive monuments built to house sculptures, be early tourism destinations, and simply allow the people in growing cities to all worship at one central location. Romanesque and Gothic architecture certainly sound different from their names, but the similarities are much more numerous than one may think. Romanesque architecture came before Gothic starting in the late 1000s when architects started to, almost out of nowhere, favor stone buildings and roofs as opposed to easily flammable wood structures.
Pico Della Mirandola was the youngest son of the family. Pico’s father, Giovanni Francesco Pico, was prince and feudal lord of a small region in the province of Emilia-Romagna. His father provided humanistic education at home for Pico. He was schooled in Latin, and possibly Greek, at a very early age. Intended for the church by his mother, he was named a papal protonotary at the age of ten and in 1477 he went to Bologna to study canon law.
He went to work under another sculptor hired by Lorenzo de Medici. When Michelangelo was 21, he went to Rome, where he was commissioned to carve a group of marble statues showing the Virgin Mary supporting the dead Christ on her knees. His sculpture was called Madonna Della Pieta, and it made Michelangelo famous. A few years later, in 1501, he accepted a commission for a statue of David. He took on the challenge of carving this beautiful work out of a “huge oblong chunk of pure white unflawed Carrara marble – some 18 feet high and weighing several tons – that had been badly block out and then abandoned by an earlier sculptor” (Coughlan 85).
The two main competitors were two master goldsmiths,Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi, who has the support of Cosimo de Medici. Finally, Brunelleschi won and received the commission. The noticeable point is that it was the first 'octagonal' dome in history to be built without a temporary wooden supporting frame. The building of such a masonry dome posed many technical problems. Brunelleschi decided to follow the pantheon strategy but all the information about its construction was forgotten.