Quattrocento also known as the Italian Renaissance was a pivotal time for individuals in the art world. Many artist were discovered and are still considered famous today. These pioneer artist displayed a presence of scientific, cultural and economics through christianity putting forth techniques and ideas that are still used currently.The most renowned 15th century frescoes would be The Sistine Chapel. It is a perfect example of linear perspective in Perugino's Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Peter. Some of the most important collection of Renaissance painting would be that of Federico da Montefeltro who helped Urbino flourish in art and culture and commissioned perhaps the largest library in Italy with the paintings in Monefelto's court displaying the first theoretical treatise on perspective.
Artists such as Michelangelo, who received generous commissions from Pope Julius II, created such splendid, ethereal, and religious works as David and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel as a way to impress and captivate followers of the Catholic Church (and, undoubtedly, as a means to intimidate followers of the Protestant Reformation). At the same time, there was a sense of discovery in the Renaissance, and a newfound love of the classical writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The humanist program of study could typically only be afforded by aristocrats and the rising merchant class, and, as these people sought to boast of their might through the commission of art (the Medicis of Florence are well-known for this clever tactic), we have works such as School of Athens by Raphael, which depicts a beautiful blend of Christian subject and classical ideals. In the late 1800s, however, there was a sense of disillusionment with the increasingly industrialized world. Whilst Renaissance painters sought to create a "window into the world", artists of the late 19th century began to attempt to have their viewers
Sano di Pietro was also highly regarded in his time: Sano di Pietro was one of the most prolific and successful Sienese painters, the head of a workshop that satisfied the demands of civic and religious institutions in the city as well as those of private devotion. His production, technically always of a very fine quality, rich in decorative effects, and characterized by a brilliant palette, often contains motifs that appear monotonous and repetitive (Art in Tuscany). When studying these paintings it is important to notice its many similarities besides the obvious sacred theme and the subjects. To start, their Byzantine origins are based on the predominant religion of the Roman Empire: Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, and when that happened Christian art, too, began to take on a more official look. But by this time the western part of the Empire was falling to pieces, and the capital had been moved from Rome to Byzantium, in eastern Greece.
Andrea del Verrocchio's art embodied the style of the Renaissance because he portrayed realism and humanism, made three-dimensional paintings and sculptures using perspective and other skills. Verrocchio was born as Andrea di Michele di Francesco de’ Cioni on 1435 in Florence, Italy. Before being a painter and a sculptor, he was a goldsmith and took the name from his master he was studying under, Giuliano Verrocchio. It is indicated that he was also trained under Fra Filippo Lippi as a painter. As for his painting career, there is only a few paintings he is fully credited for or recognized as his work.
JEAN DUPAS Jean Dupas was born in Bordeaux, France in 1882 and died in 1964. He was a designer, poster artist, decorator and painter. His paintings are the most closely associated with the Art Deco period. Dupas worked in Rome, Italy in 1910 for two years where he produced ‘Le Danse’ (on the right), a smaller part of a bigger painting ‘Le Pigeons Blanc’ which won a gold medal when it was presented in Salon des Artistes Français in 1922. This work was inspired by Inges “Turkish bath” and it is on eof the first examples of Art Deco painting due to the way the figures have been drawn; arabesque-ish long necks, bent wrists, almost sculptural.
The Mona Lisa Leonardo Da Vinci is one of the most well-known painters and most talented geniuses the world has witnessed, in addition he was one of the biggest Italian masters in painting, sculpture and architecture. (Earls, 2004, p.103) The incredible and famous painting “Mona Lisa” for the painter Leonardo Da Vinci which is 77 cm in high and 53 cm long (31 in × 21 in) (Sassoon, 2001, p.2) was believed that it was painted between c. 1503 to 1506 (Stokatad. Cateforis. Addiss, 2002, p.690), other say that it was painted between c. 1500 to 1504 (Earls, 2004, p.103), but unfortunately he did not finish it. It was done in the renaissance period as it represents the Italian civilization.
One of the types of art during this time was painting and sculpting. Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci were two of the most famous painter/sculptors of the Italian Renaissance. Michelangelo was born in 1475 and accomplished many of the famous works of all time before his death in 1564. Some of his works are the painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and he also did many nude sculptures. Another famous painter of this time was Leonardo da Vinci.
The Golden Mean being “most appealing to the human eye” started being used in art. It is said that Leonardo Da Vinci used it himself in his piece called “De Divina Proportione” created in the 1500’s. It was called this because, what was known so far from the Golden Mean, was only know as the “Divine Proportion.” Leonardo Da Vinci also used the Divine Proportion in this painting “The Last Supper” to establish all the correct proportions and dimensions in the painting. At this time, other Renaissance artists also used the Golden Mean in their work to achieve that certain symmetric quality and beauty that it created. Around the 1900’s, a Greek letter to represent this proportion Phi ( ) was discovered by an American mathematician named Mark Barr.
Thus, I think Mona Lisa is the most suitable artwork for me to mediate different meanings produced since the Renaissance until the postmodern world. The Renaissance’s painter Leonardo Da Vinci finished the portrait in between 1503-1504. There are multiple hypotheses about why the portrait was created: some of them says that it is a self- portrait of the painter by noting that the eyes, nose- tip and mouth of Mona Lisa actually line up with a known self portrait of Leonardo Da Vinci. Other claims that the sitter and the painter had a special rapport. Thus, the sitter appeared to look at the viewer (actually the painter) straight in the eye with ease.