Forensic Ballistics Marcus W Stewart CRJ 311 Forensics Charles Kaye 8-10-2010 Abstract When it comes to criminal investigations there are many tools that are apparent in forensic science that prove to be a great assets in solving crimes. Forensic science in its broadest definition is the application of science to law. As our society has grown more complex, it has become more dependent on rules of law to regulate the activities of the members. Forensic science applies the knowledge and technology of science to the definition to enforce such laws (Saferstein, 2007). One aspect of forensic science that can be very interesting is that of forensic ballistics or firearms identification.
They tell you the differences in chromosomes between males and females, and their appearance in blood of unknown origin is a basis for identifying it as from a female. 2. Two approaches to the investigation are of blood at a crime scene biological approach (serology) and a physics approach (blood splatter or bloodstain pattern interpretation). 3. The investigators first task in investigating suspicious stains is to
Statistics show that forensic pathologists have earned their respect in today’s society. The term “Forensic Pathologist” comes from ancient Rome, because when a crime was committed both of the accused had to go present their versions in front of people in the forum, so the individual with the best argument would determine what happened. Therefore the word “forensic” means an individual that determines what happened during an event. A forensic pathologist is a branch of medicine that is concerned with determining the cause of death examining the victim’s body. They do that by doing an autopsy, which is analyzing with both medical and emotional perspective.
Documents Deborah Marie Wood CJ386-01 – Forensic Biology and Impression Evidence Professor: James Jabbour, MSFS April 26, 2011 Forgery is not only a criminal activity but involves much civil litigation as well. A document examiner can take a questionable document and samples of handwriting to determine if the document has been forged or not. A document examiner can also use several other methods to determine to validity and authenticity of the document in question. A document examiner can also tell if portions of the questionable document had been altered or changed in any way. With proper collection and techniques a document examiner will be able to determine the questionability of any document without a doubt.
Theories on Crime Comparison Carl Boone AJS/542 July 25th 2013 Jeffrey Begley Theories on Crime Comparison To understand crime and the elements that help compare and contrast motives, influences, and patterns of criminal behavior; theories are developed under models of thought. This process is called criminology and it is the study of crime and criminal behavior with some focus on lawmaking as well (McShane, Williams, 2010). Criminology has continued to be one of the cornerstones of our judicial system. The scientific research that goes into understanding individuals and societies, along with the variables involved, help the criminal justice system better understand issues that relate to crime. Criminology was first born in the eighteenth century and although it was not initially concerned with the aspect of understanding crime and criminal behavior, “it gained its association with criminology through its focus on lawmaking” (McShane & Williams 2010, ch.2, p. 15).
Alexis Pratt Career Journals 1.3.2 Forensic Anthropologist A forensic anthropoligist is someone that uses an atomic structures and physical characteristics to indentify a subject for legal purposes. When doing research on a forensic anthropologist a couple of questions came to mind. What is the most satisfying part of this job? The most satisfying part of being a forensic anthropologist is having opportunities to solve mysteries in the realm of archeology, from findings around the world. A forensic anthropologist could also have the opportunity to work with the remains of soldiers from past and present wars.
People have said the system can be too harsh and there are those who have said the system can be too lenient, and that could be the reason why there are so many mixed feelings over the due process and crime control models. In the due process model the main point is to protect all individuals and allow them their constitutional rights and freedoms they are given in the United States, no matter if you’re in this country legally or not. “For the Due Process Model, the “aim of the process is at least as much to protect the factually innocent as it is to convict the factually guilty.”’(Herbert Packer, Criminal Procedure, Ch. 1) The due process model protects people’s rights so it can making officers of the law build a case against the person accused by collecting evidence through warrants, and the person is presumed innocent until proven guilty. In due process a criminal case cannot be built against someone unless the proper steps have been met to the courts standards.
The prosecution and the defense both play very important roles in the criminal justice system. The prosecution is responsible holding criminals accountable for their actions. Whereas the defense is responsible for ensuring the defendant gets a fair and speedy trial. The prosecution investigates violations and works with law enforcement officers during the investigation. They let them know if there is enough information and evidence to charge a suspect with the crime.
Interrogations and Confessions George R Williams Forensic Psychology CJ4641 Ms. Chau August 25, 2015 Abstract This paper presents to the reader an overview of the traumatic experience involved in a police interrogation. It also highlights the possibilities of an innocent person confessing to a crime. The thought of giving a false confessing to a crime is preposterous, but it does happen. The trip will begin with a description of the interrogation room. There will be an initial interview with the interrogators.