Theories on Crime Comparison Essay

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Theories on Crime Comparison Carl Boone AJS/542 July 25th 2013 Jeffrey Begley Theories on Crime Comparison To understand crime and the elements that help compare and contrast motives, influences, and patterns of criminal behavior; theories are developed under models of thought. This process is called criminology and it is the study of crime and criminal behavior with some focus on lawmaking as well (McShane, Williams, 2010). Criminology has continued to be one of the cornerstones of our judicial system. The scientific research that goes into understanding individuals and societies, along with the variables involved, help the criminal justice system better understand issues that relate to crime. Criminology was first born in the eighteenth century and although it was not initially concerned with the aspect of understanding crime and criminal behavior, “it gained its association with criminology through its focus on lawmaking” (McShane & Williams 2010, ch.2, p. 15). For the purposes of this paper, the sociobiological theory will be assessed for personality and criminal behavior relativity. This theory will then be compared by its key elements to the biological theory and the psychological theory. Last, the philosophical basis for each theory will be identified for clarity. Address the relationship between personality and criminal behavior as viewed in the selected theory. The sociobiological theory seeks to explain criminal behavior through a lens of biological and genetic basis (McShane, Williams, 2010). It promotes the idea that behavior and personality are partly inherited and that this premise can be affected over time by natural selection (Crossman, A. 2010). Sociobiology argues that the same natural selection pressure that led to animals evolving useful ways of dealing with their environment also equally contributes to human behavior
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