This also meant that the land was not used to it full potential, all these factors lead to the famines and causing peasants to up rise using violence against government officials. This was on the verge of the revolution. The deep resentment from the peasantry towards the Tsar increased after the war as lots of money had being invested in the war and Russia had lost. Moreover, Sergei Witte had tried to improve the economy of Russia but it was to make sure that the Russian social order stayed the same. Due to industrialisation, factories were built which lead to rapid growth of population in the towns and cities for example from 98 million in 1885 to 125 million in 1905.
Third, there was a perceived shortage of credit and money. Farmers believed that interest rates were too high because of monopolistic lenders, and the money supply was inadequate, producing deflation. A falling price level increased the burden of debt, as farmers were forced to repay much more than they actually had to3. According to James A. Stewart “farmers demanded ceilings on
There were many failures in collectivisation, particularly in the initial phases - output fell in the 1930s largely for three reasons; the peasants resented the state taking their land, machinery and livestock, so they did not work as hard and put more effort into their private plots, where they could keep any profit generated - who wouldn't? These private plots - some 5% of the land provided as much as 25% of the agricultural produce of the country. Alongside the implementation of collectivisation was the policy of liquidating the kulaks. The Party said these were rich farmers - in reality they were the better farmers, they had improved their
It is not accurate to say that the most important result of the collectivisation of agriculture was that it imposed communist control on the country side. Stalin’s main aim was to collectivise agriculture which in turn would increase industrialisation and would mean that Russia was no longer behind Western nations. Collectivisation did benefit the development of Russian industry as the large farms increased efficiency meaning fewer people were needed and farms and more people were available to work in industry and accelerate industrialisation. This is evidenced by the fact that by 1939 50% of the population was working class and 19 million had left the countryside for the city to escape famine and find work. As well as this collectivisation doubled the amount of grain production in the years 1928 to 1935 meaning more grain was exported.
Also in order to provide money for industrial developments, taxes were raised which squeezed the peasants and therefore made them penniless to buy consumer goods, resulting in the economy of Russia itself to stagnate. Witte’s industrial policies show that there was some development of the economy, but the changes were not completely beneficial to industry, and he
But the empire were very inconsiderate and silly as people were paying the taxes by growing and harvesting crops which they would sell to the markets in order to pay for the taxes. The markets then started to bring in less money as there were fewer products being sold to the markets. They then had to raise the taxes leaving more people in poverty, which also caused many deaths. This is just one reason for the collapse for the Empire. The second reason for the collapse of the army was Religion, Christianity that had a massive influence on a lot of the population of
Alexander was hopelessly out of touch with the emerging realities of a modern Russia. For example, agriculture was exploited as a source of export earnings; this helped cause a series of famines, especially in 1891. This made him hugely unpopular as he took grain from the people in an attempt to make money and improve the economy. Due to his slow intelligence and lack of experience, Alexander forgot the fundamental rule of keeping his people happy and instead chose to supress them. He did not realise that, following Alexander II’s emancipation of the serfs in 1861, he could not return to a state of rigid autocracy when the serfs had already had some freedom.
As layers of bureaucracy developed over the centuries, so did the inefficiency and corruption within government operations. Colonial officials ignored their own rules and failed to enforce laws mostly because of the shortage of labor. The acquisition of land was also important because of the growing agriculture to provide labor and wealth. This would also lead
The people were desperate for jobs because of the world depression that had occurred. Plus the people were mainly farmers and were tied to the land. Money was poured into churches and monasteries rather than developing sustainable business or agriculture. Jobs were scarce, and it was very hard to make a living and support families. This caused the people to flock to America and seek new job opportunities.
This would be very impossible because no one would no longer want to challenge the Sheriff. The growing number of the Merrymen has cause many problems for the group. The more people there are in a group the more resources they are using. This has caused a large decrease in the resources they need to survive. Even with bartering and stealing the resources are low and they are costing them more than they can bring in in revenue.