How Accurate Is It to Say That the Most Important Result of the Collectivisation of Agriculture Was That It Imposed Communist Control on the Countryside?

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The Grain Procurement crisis from 1927 to 1929 emphasised the NEPs failure because it allowed kulaks to become aware of their importance in which in turn meant they hoarded grain in order to raise prices. Stalin used this as evidence to the NEPs failure and also undermined Bukharin’s position in doing so. The policy of collectivisation of agriculture arose from the failure of the NEP in 1929 and was to be used to gain capital investment. Collectivisation resulted in communist control of the countryside, agricultural reform and the continuation of Marxist theories. It is not accurate to say that the most important result of the collectivisation of agriculture was that it imposed communist control on the country side. Stalin’s main aim was to collectivise agriculture which in turn would increase industrialisation and would mean that Russia was no longer behind Western nations. Collectivisation did benefit the development of Russian industry as the large farms increased efficiency meaning fewer people were needed and farms and more people were available to work in industry and accelerate industrialisation. This is evidenced by the fact that by 1939 50% of the population was working class and 19 million had left the countryside for the city to escape famine and find work. As well as this collectivisation doubled the amount of grain production in the years 1928 to 1935 meaning more grain was exported. This funded capital investment which was needed to provide resources for industrialisation. Agricultural reform is the most important result of collectivisation as although it had negative consequences such as famine and the decline of living conditions in cities, Stalin had met his aim as mass migration from the countryside to the city had accelerated urbanisation because it provided a workforce in the cities and reduced the amount of peasants. At the beginning of
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