Force Field Analysis

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UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AND EXTERNAL STUDIES SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF EXTRA-MURAL STUDIES. MASTER IN PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT COURSE: LDP 611: SOCIAL CHANGE AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT LECTURER: DR. MOSSES OTIENO GROUP 4 ASSIGNMENT: FORCE FIELD ANAYLSIS Table of Contents Introduction 3 Background Information 3 Theoretical analysis of Lewin’s theory of change 4 Unfreezing 4 Moving to a new level or Change 4 Refreezing 5 Force Field Analysis 5 The Concept of Force Field Analysis 6 Using the Force Field Analysis 8 Advantages and Disadvantages of Force Field analysis 9 Advantages 9 Disadvantages 9 Criticism of the force field analysis 9 Case Study application 10 Refrences 12 Citation 12 Introduction Background Information Kurt Lewin, (1890 – 1947) a Gestalt social psychologist, has been acknowledged as the “father of social change theories” since several contemporary models are at least loosely based on Lewin’s work. He is also lauded as the originator of social psychology, action research, as well as organizational development. Lewin believed the "field" to be a Gestalt psychological environment existing in an individual's (or in the collective group) mind at a certain point in time that can be mathematically described in a topological constellation of constructs. The "field" is very dynamic, changing with time and experience. When fully constructed, an individual's "field" (Lewin used the term "life space") describes that person's motives, values, needs, moods, goals, anxieties, and ideals. Lewin believed that changes of an individual's "life space" depend upon that individual's internalization of external stimuli (from the physical and social world) into the "life space." Although Lewin did not use the word "experiential," he nonetheless believed that interaction

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