the Continental Congress, Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee presented a series of resolutions on June 7, 1776, calling for independence from Great Britain and the establishment of a national government in America. On July 1st, Congress approved the resolutions. Two committees were established; one for drafting a Declaration of Independence, and the other for designing the structure for an American government. Seated on the declaration committee were Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, Roger Sherman, and John Adams. The manuscript was penned by Jefferson, a 33-year-old Virginian lawyer and planter with a talent for persuasive writing.
In this short essay I will define institutional racism, its history in American and who it mostly affects. Institutional racism also known as institutional oppression refers to racism perpetrated by government entities, major cooperation’s, schools, the courts or the military (Moore 2008). Unlike the racism perpetrated by individuals, institutional racism has the power to negatively affect the bulk of people belonging to a minority group. This form of racism still persists in America because dominant groups are unwilling to share or give up the benefits inherited from past generations. Through numerous examples, Institutional Racism demonstrates how inequality and racial exclusion are embedded within the fabric of American society.
Declaration of Rights from the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania This paper will compare and contrast two amendments in the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Rights from the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Specifically the similarities and differences between Sections three and six from the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and Amendments one and seven of the U.S. Constitution. The United States Constitution The Constitution was created after Shays's Rebellion in an attempt to create "more perfect union" between the thirteen states and was signed on September 17, 1787 by delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia (O'Connor, Sabato, & Yanus, 2011). The Constitution established America’s national government and fundamental laws while still protecting the basic rights of its citizens (O'Connor, Sabato, & Yanus, 2011). The original ten amendments to The Bill of Rights were passed by the First Congress of the United States on September 25, 1789 and ratified December 15, 1791 (O'Connor, Sabato, & Yanus, 2011) Amendment I Amendment I of the U.S. Constitution states that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right
Tasks of the First Congress The First Congress had the tasks of raising money, creating a bill of rights, setting up the executive departments, and organizing the federal judiciary. B. Madison and the First Congress James Madison persuaded Congress to adopt the Revenue Act of 1789. Madison also took the lead in presenting the constitutional amendments that came to be called the Bill of Rights. C. Bill of Rights The states ratified ten amendments, which became part of the Constitution on December 15, 1791. D. Executive Branch Congress organized the executive branch with three main departments¾War, State, and Treasury¾and granted the President the authority to dismiss appointed officials.
‘Congress is a broken branch’. Discuss (45) Congress is one of the three branches of US government. Its counterparts are the Executive and the Judiciary. Its powers and functions are outlined in the Constitution formed in 1787. At the time the Constitution was written, the framers were fearful of tyranny after experiencing the imperial rule of the British.
However not only did the Declaration of Independence bring about a global surge but also the United States constitution has also influenced the rest of the world in a new legal structure. David Armitage writes “As the first successful declaration of independence in history, it helped to inspire countless movements for independence, self-determination and revolution after 1776 and to this very day.” (Armitage, 2014) This very clearly demonstrates a simple explanation as to the impact of the declaration. The declaration itself was formed during a revolution and independence movement against the tyranny of the British. This tyranny therefore led to a mass influence in what Andrew Heywood describes as” Anti Colonial Nationalism” (Heywood,2007).This form of Nationalism worked perfectly alongside the declaration itself with a large portion of the original declaration listing “specific grievances to justify an armed insurrection”(Kramer,2011).As Kramer writes the declaration presented a large list of grievances and crimes which the British had committed on the American people during their reign. These grievances helped to unite the different colonies under one aim for Independence.
Discussion at the Annapolis Convention of 1786 led to a convention in Philadelphia in 1787. It replaced the Articles of Confederation with the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United States is a document that outlines the basic of the federal government. It was written in 1787 at the Constitutional Convention. The 55 men at the convention are called the “Founding Fathers” of America or “Framers of the Constitution.” Some of the famous framers are George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin.
This specific paper is about factions and how he was opposed to them because he thought they would tear apart the unity that held the states together. The Federalist Papers had an extensive influence on the Constitution. Madison helped draft the Constitution. He is often referred to as “The Father of the Constitution”. Madison and the other 56 delegates gathered in Philadelphia in May 1787.
In 1787, original essays began to appear in newspapers across New York and Pennsylvania. Between October 5, 1787 and June 27, 1788 a total of 85 articles appeared. Written primarily by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, they are referred to as The Federalist Papers. These articles were intended to built support and convince the states to ratify the Constitution. Federalist No.
In1789, the Constitution was ratified by thirteen states. The first ten Amendments of the Constitution were ratified by 1791. These changes to the Constitution were later known as the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was written so the people would have specific rights and freedoms. A few amendments were written to express rights that interpret the rights on a criminal trial.