Exploration of Psychological Concepts and Theory

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The Exploration of Psychological Concepts and Theory Shelia Grady University of the Rockies History and Systems of Psychology – ORG/PSY 7509 Professor Tara Revell November 7, 2011 Abstract Historical, philosophical, and empirical foundations have impacted the field of psychology. Throughout the history of psychology, women and persons of different nationalities struggled with gaining a position within this field because it was thought to be for the predominantly white men; however, women and minorities were able to receive an education as well as successfully make contributions in the field of psychology. Premodernism, modernism, and postmodernism periods of psychology help to identify the theories within psychology. Gestalt psychology, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and humanistic theories played a significant role in the field of psychology. Those theories examined behaviors, experiences, emotions, and the cognitive development of an individual (Goodman, 2008). The Exploration of Psychological Concepts and Theory Psychology is old, yet new, as the premodernism, modernism, and postmodernism eras are crucial times within the field of psychology. Psychology is a field of study that focuses on experimentation, the mental processes, and healing as well as the overall behaviors of an individual. Knowing the history of psychology is essential because knowing about the experiences of the past will help individuals understand how the present came to be (Goodman, 2008). Becoming familiar with the past also explains how individuals came to various conclusions about their field of study. Discussion Psychological history had its beginnings in as early as the 1600s. During the pre-modern period of psychology, there was a focus on truth and revealed knowledge. Rene' Descartes believed that mathematics and science could define and explained almost
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