Explain Why War Broke Out in Europe in 1914

375 Words2 Pages
The war broke out in Europe due to a number of factors including the systems of alliances in Europe, the Bosnian Crisis, the Balkan Wars and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The first key feature was that the war was fought between the rival alliances of European powers, the Triple Entente including Britain, France and Russia and the Triple Alliance including Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. The alliances gave the Great Powers a sense of security. However a despite between a member of each alliance system could well involve other members and turn into a major European war. The formation gave each member of the alliance system strength and was able to support each other if attacked by a member of the other alliance. A second key feature was in 1905 and 1911, there were disputes between the powers over colonies in North Africa. In 1908, Austria - Hungary took over the province of Bosnia, which contained many Serbs. Serbia and her ally Russia were furious, but there was no war as a result. In 1912-13, there were series of wars in the Balkans. Serbia emerged from these wars as the main victor and appeared to be possible threat to Austria - Hungary. Even so, there was no major war. A third and final key feature was when unfortunately, this changed in 1914. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the trigger that set off the Great War. Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria - Hungary. He was assassinated on 28th June 1914 by terrorists from one of Austria - Hungary’s rival powers, Serbia. Austria - Hungary blamed Serbia even though the terrorists were not connected to the Serbia government. On 31 July 1914, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia. At this point, the alliances came into play. Russia mobilised its army ready to help the Serbs against Austria - Hungary. Everyone knew that if Russia attacked Austria -
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