Explain the Nature of Two Named Physiological Disorders Essay

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P1- Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders. The second disorder which I will be discussing in this assignment is asthma. This is something that I used to suffer with terribly as a child which isn’t as bad now that I’m an adult. It is also a disorder that my 4 year old son suffers with. Asthma Asthma is a condition that cannot be cured but can be kept under control. It is a condition which can cause a cough, tightening of chest, wheezing and breathlessness. It also causes the body to; * Produce excessive mucus in the airways * Cause the air passages in the lungs to become narrower hence the increased resistance to airflow * Cause the muscles to contract around the air passages * Considerable and rapid changes in airway obstruction * Frequent occurrence of allergy There are various asthma triggers such as when you come into contact with cats and dogs, dust, and pollen etc which can cause that persons airway to become narrower the muscles around the airways will start to tighten and then the airways will become inflamed and start to swell. These small tubes are called bronchi and they carry air in and out of the lungs often there is sticky mucus or phlegm which can build up. If the symptoms become too much for the sufferer it can lead to an asthma attack or an acute asthma exacerbation. I suffer from hay fever and I’m also allergic to cats when I come into contact with cats or there is a high pollen count that is what triggers my asthma off and I often find it hard to breath. I keep my asthma under control by taking anti histamine tablets to control my hay fever and if I come into contact with cats I keep my distance and never stoke them. The severity of asthma varies from person to person, but it can be kept under control by people most of the time. In the UK there are currently 5.4 million people that are receiving

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