The cough reflex is a long and deep inhalation followed by the closing of the glottis, this causes a strong exhalation that pushes the glottis open and sends air through the respiratory passages. Coughing can occur when a foreign body is located in the larynx, trachea or epiglottis. Cari is coughing due to the mucus and fluid buildup in her lungs and her body is trying to expel it. Question C: Which structures found in the terminal bronchioles and alveoli normally would protect Cari’s lungs from infectious pathogens and particulate matter? Alveolar macrophage protects her lungs by wondering around the alveoli space collecting dust, particles and debris.
Asthma is a disease that affects the breathing of a patient. This occurs when the respiratory airways become obstructed. Asthma causes inflammation of the airways and causes mucus buildups from the constriction of muscles and the collection of thick mucus and swelling. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma interferes with breathing due to a cause of obstruction in the supply of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide.
Some of the more common complications associated with the disease are bowel obstruction, ulcers, and fistulas. Bowel obstruction is the most common and results from the thickening of the intestinal wall with swelling and scar tissue, narrowing the passage. The narrowing of the intestines blocks flow of digested material through the affected area. In severe conditions surgery is needed to remove the dead and damaged tissue of the bowel. Chronic inflammation that accompanies this disease can lead to the formation of ulcers.
Abdominal pain and abdominal cramping is caused the inflammation of the walls and eventually thickens the walls with scar tissue and leads to cramping. Mild Crohn’s causes moderate intestinal discomfort and in more severe cases, can cause nausea and vomiting. Blood in the stool is caused by food being moved from the digestive tract through the inflamed tissue. The bleeding might be notices as bright red directly in the toilet or darker red blood that is mixed into the stool. Crohn’s also causes small sores or ulcers on the surface of the intestines that eventually penetrate into the intestinal walls.
It requires long periods of standing moisture, since it is a slow-growing mold. It appears black and green, and like all molds, it emits a musty odor. People at Risk • Black mold is toxigenic, meaning that it releases harmful toxins (called mycotoxins) into the atmosphere. Anyone can experience symptoms after breathing in mycotoxins, but certain people have an elevated risk, including children, the elderly, people with weak
When we come in contact with or do something that irritates our lungs, we trigger off an asthma attack. Our airways become narrow and the muscles around them become rather tight. This makes it difficult for us to breathe and causes wheezing, coughing and feel tight chest pains. People who are heavy smokers are more likely to suffer from asthma. Also as we get older our bodies weaken, including our chest making vital infections much harder to fight.
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic, chronic and life threatening disease that affects the lung, digestive and reproductive systems. Cystic Fibrosis affects the cells that produce mucus and sweat and digestive juices. These secreted fluids are normally thin and slippery. But in cystic fibrosis, a defective gene causes the secretions to become thick and sticky. Instead of acting as a lubricant, the secretions plug up tubes, ducts and passageways, especially in the lungs and pancreas.
Rheumatoid arthritis sufferers go through the whole spectrum of pains from the acute flare up pain to the chronic continual ache and as a rule Hypnosis probably isn’t the first thing you might think of when diagnosed with something like rheumatoid arthritis. When diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis, it can be devastating. It is a lifelong condition and finding out that you have a chronic illness can send your emotions spiralling into anger and depression. For many people, this can mean a lack of sleep, mood swings and loss of appetite. Some people feel afraid of what their future might hold, the medication they might need and the loss of the self-image they had.
If they are having small asthma attack they will be having a fast heartbeat and elevated wheezing in the chest. Also the person can look as if they are fighting for air. If the attack is sever the person can have a hard time breathing and speaking. They might also get very tired. If it is a serous attack the person is not exchanging o2 and carbon dioxide and the skin may turn bluish.