During this process, mucus production is increased. Plugs may be formed and further decrease the efficiency of gas exchange taking place. Symptoms of pneumonia can range from mild to life threatening. Pneumonia can be caused by inhaling food, dust, liquid, gas, and by various fungi. Common symptoms include chest pain, shaking chills, fever, dry cough, muscle aches, nausea and vomiting, rapid breathing and rapid heart rate.
They are: Primary prevention It includes the health promotion and requires action on the determinants on the health to prevent disease occurring or refocusing upstream to stop people falling into the water of disease. For example, smoking education gives knowledge to people about the effects of smoking in health so it influences them not to smoke. Secondary prevention It is an action focusing on the early detection and underlying diseases in order to prevent any further symptoms. For e.g. screening in women and men who are well at the clinics.
The signs & symptom’s that might come at once so the child might lose consciousness: high pitched wheezing sound, blotchy/ itchy/ raised rash, swollen eye lids, lips and tongue, difficulty speaking then breathing, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea. When you might suspect a child or infant that might be having anaphylactic shock then you should ring for an
It can lead to complications. Atrial fibrillation may lead to blood clots forming in the heart that may circulate to other organs and lead to blocked blood flow (ischemia)” The danger of this disorder is that the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to support the functioning of the body. There are some patients who will have some, all, or no symptoms at all. Some symptoms include: • “Palpitations, which are sensations of a racing, uncomfortable, irregular heartbeat or a flip-flopping in your chest • Weakness • Reduced ability to exercise • Fatigue • Lightheadedness • Dizziness • Confusion • Shortness of breath • Chest pain Atrial fibrillation may be: • Occasional. In this case it's called paroxysmal (par-ok-SIZ-mul) atrial fibrillation.
Some people have a greater resistance to OC for different reasons rendering it less effective than normal when deployed. The advantages of OC spray when deployed properly could cause eyes and mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, it causes pain, and often temporary blindness. It also causes psychological effects such as fear, anxiety and panic as well as swelling of mucous membranes of eyes, nose and throat, nasal and sinus discharge, coughing, shortness of breath, drying of the eyes, involuntary eye closure, painful burning of the skin, and hyperventilation . The expandable baton/ asp also has its advantages and disadvantages. The batons disadvantages are limited to
Symptom Management of Dyspnea Spring 2013 Dyspnea is a common but disabling symptom of many end-stage disease processes. It is also known as shortness of breath and observed as difficult or labored breathing with increased respiratory effort. Other terms used to describe dyspnea are “air hunger, not getting enough air, smothering” along with negative emotional reactions of “depression, anxious, frustrated, angry, and afraid” (Banzett et al., 2011). Dyspnea exerts negative impact on all domains of a patient's quality of life. It affects patients’ physical well-being, emotional well-being, social well-being, spiritual well-being and survival.
For non-allergic asthma, however, the main causes are physical effort/exertion, stress, intolerance towards some medications, including aspirin (which is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug), or any respiratory infections such as a ‘normal’ cold. Still the allergic asthma, so the reaction to allergens overweighs the non-allergic asthma considerably. Being asthmatic the response to all these triggers is unusually strong. These normally lead to coughing, wheezing and a feeling of tightness in the chest. Furthermore an abnormal rapid heart rate is another sign for asthma attack.
Children, Asthma and Secondhand Smoke Introduction * A. Audience Hook 1. Approximately 774,000 ER visits were related to asthma in 2009 (American Lung Association, 2013) * An estimated 400,000 to 1 million children have their condition worsened by exposure to secondhand smoke. (American Lung Association, 2013) B. Thesis statement a. Research suggests that asthmatic children should not be exposed to environmental tobacco smoke because asthma is a chronic and sometimes life-threatening disease and children with asthma can have their condition worsened by exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
Some of the causes of lung injury include the following: •prematurity - the lungs, especially the air sacs, are not fully developed •low amounts of surfactant (a substance in the lungs that helps keep the tiny air sacs open) •oxygen use (high concentrations of oxygen can damage the cells of the lungs) •mechanical ventilation - the pressure of air from breathing machines, suctioning of the airways, use of an endotracheal tube (ET tube - a tube placed in the trachea and connected to a breathing machine) Who is affected by chronic lung disease? Chronic lung disease can develop in premature babies who have had mechanical ventilation (breathing machine). Risk factors for developing CLD include: •birth at less than 30 weeks gestation •birth weight less than 1,000 (less than 2 pounds) to 1,500 grams (3 pounds 5 ounces) •hyaline membrane disease - lung disease of prematurity due to lack of surfactant that does not show the usual improvement by the third or fourth day. •pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) - a problem in which air leaks out of the airways into the spaces between the small air sacs of the lungs. •patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) - a connection between the blood vessels of the heart and lungs that does not close as it should after birth.