Explain Freuds Challenge Towards Kants Moral Argument

280 Words2 Pages
Sigmund Freud (1856) was a German Philosopher; he studied to be a doctor. He was known to people as the ‘Father of Psychiatry’. Freud did not believe in soul or anything spiritual to do with the mind or brain. His work was summed up by Anthony Kenny as ‘that the greater part of our mental life, whether of feeling, thought or volition, is unconscious; the second is that sexual impulses, broadly defined, are supremely important not only as potential causes of mental illnesses but as the motor of artistic and cultural creation. Freud believed the human personality consisted of 3 areas; The Super Ego which is a set if moral controls given to us by outside influences. It is our moral code or conscience and it is in conflict with the id. Secondly, The Ego, which is the conscious self, the part of a human that is seen by the outside world. Lastly, there was the ID. This was the unconscious self, the part of the mind containing basic drives and repressed memories, it is a moral and has no concern about right and wring and is only concerned with itself. Freud argued that religion derives from the unconscious and that sexual impulses are closely related to religion. He argues that religion was an illusion and obsessional neurosis. Freud believed that science was based on an observation of the word and religion is not. Psychoanalysis is a science which can help to explain why religious beliefs are appealing. He also said that religious beliefs were caused by the wish for a father figure who saved the believer like a father saving his child. However, Kant’s argument was very
Open Document