Discuss The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Kant

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Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of Kantian Ethics. Kant was a philosopher in the 18th century; he devised a normative ethical system that he had based on the idea of duty. Our duty is what we are made to do; what our responsibility in life is which is inherently good. This links in to the idea of good will that Kant had, he believed that good will was one of the most important parts of his ethics, acting selflessly and following duty. Kant devised two different types of imperatives which allow us to make our decisions, hypothetical imperatives are the rules that we follow to attain a personal outcome or a selfish wish whereas categorical imperatives are intrinsically right. His first categorical imperative was meant to establish that humans should only act according to a law that can be universalised. ‘’Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law’’ – (Kant the moral order). The second of the imperatives is that we as humans should never use another human as a means to an end, treat them all with value. ‘’Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end and never merely as a means to an end’’. The third imperative says that we as humans should all live moral lives; we cannot depend on anyone or anything else. "Therefore, every rational being must so act as if he were through his maxim always a legislating member in the universal kingdom of ends." An important strength of Kant’s ethical system is that Kant does not specifically set any deontological rules. Kant talks about the Summon Bonum, ‘’the real object of our will’’, he says that we cannot achieve this without our own morality entering into the equation for making decisions. This means that any set of absolute rules for everything would not allow us to
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