For example, The Ten Commandments are ‘moral codes’ which influenced both formal and informal control. Another function is social integration and solidarity. Functionalists say encouraging collective worship is particularly important for the integration of society, since it enables members to express their shared values and strengthens group unity. By worshipping together, people develop a sense of commitment and belonging: individuals unite into a group with shared values, reinforcing social solidarity, deviant behaviour is restrained and social change restricted. Another function they believe is civil religion.
Item A suggests that functionalists believe religion helps to integrate individuals into a community by instilling into them a set of shared beliefs that gives them a feeling a belonging and a common identity. This helps society to cooperate harmoniously creating social cohesion as people believe in the same thing and all abide by the same rules. While conforming to religious beliefs this allows us to gain morals, as well as giving us a variety of cultures allowing us to tolerate and accept different religions. Functionalists see religion as a positive aspect to society. Durkheim argues that religion functions to reinforce the collective unity or social solidarity of a group.
This is showing how important a care plan is so there isn’t a breakdown of communication as you will know the service users needs. Culture and beliefs- The first strategy is acknowledging and admitting the existence of differences between. This mainly includes differences in perceptions, interpretations and evaluations of social situations and people who create and act within them. ‘ These differences than have to be named, described, explained and understood.’ source-www.indianmba.com .Having a good understanding of the belief and culture will help the carer to understand more of what the service user wants. This is a great way to overcome this barrier as the service user will be able to continue with their religion with the health care professional knowing about it.
Additionally, the large amount of belief that Animists place in omens from a variety of sources provides them with a sense of comfort in what they believe is coming their way (from the future). These omens provide a sense of connection to their belief and they also find that these signs can often bring them to their purpose in life, as they are interpreted as directional. Through Animism’s move away from the material world and to the spiritual world, and their belief in natural omens from the spirit world, that these elements can be seen to assist an Animistic individual towards their meaning of life. In contrast to the previously stated positives, Animism also boasts a list of negatives. Components of this negativity include the constant rituals performed in order to please the (believed) spirits.
He believes that society’s religious basic shared beliefs, values, traditions and norms that make the society run smoothly through group worship and celebration serves to create cohesion and group solidarity. In maintaining this social solidarity, religion acts as a conservative force because if or when it fails to perform this function, new ideas may emerge that effectively become the new religion. Durkheim regarded ‘new religions’ such as nationalism and communism as taking over from Christianity, but still performing
And that people are capable of solving their own problems through self-improvement and experience. However I do acknowledge the existence of a god and believe that everything in this universe was created by that same God; Similar to Pantheist, New Age and Christians Although my beliefs are entirely different from Christians, I am a firm believer in their ethical views. I think Ethics plays an important part of how people view the world. Although it is possible for everyone to have different views, having a structured set of principles can be commonly shared. People with good structured principles have a better capacity to view situations in a more broader sense.
According to Confucius, excellence comes partly from the cultivation of one’s virtues and intellect; so an education is mandatory. This education would involve developing skills in poetry, music, artistic appreciation, manners and religious ritual. Education was important because it transmitted the lessons of the past into the present. Confucius thought that education could show the way to wise and happy living. Also human beings should be full of respect and care.
Many functionalists argue that religion benefits both society as a whole as well as its individual members however other sociologists may oppose this view and claim that those who do actually benefit from religion this is at the expense of others, this in itself contradicts many of the beliefs set out in religions themselves. The consensus view as posed by functionalists presents religion in a far more positive light in comparison to that put forward by Marxists and feminists for example. As in Item A, stating that religion integrates individuals into a community by instilling into them a set of shared beliefs that gives them a feeling of belonging and common identity supporting the view that religion does benefit society as a whole. On the other hand it can be viewed that those who benefit from religion is in fact at the expense of others, as stated in Item A line 5. This contradicts the positive view towards religion and poses it in a much more negative light.
Objects relations theory affects among other things such as consistent emotional closeness and stability in relationships with significant others. Humanistic psychology on the other hand helps me choose on the most important issues affecting my life. I am able to evaluate the most pressing matters and be able to deal with difficult situations in an effective manner. This theory also helps me understand that I am a person of great potential and that my characteristics are what define me and help realize self
Wishes and preferences. To prevent misunderstandings/mistakes it is essential that we have a better insight about the individual such as their religion and cultural beliefs etc. This will ensure effective communication. A5. Explain how good communication can have a positive effect on the way a social care worker interacts with: 1.