Handling evidence properly is one of the most crucial points of any investigation. Without even intentionally doing so, mishandling of evidence could mean a case thrown out of court. Some types of mishandling of evidence would be planting of evidence, removing evidence, not following the chain of custody and unlawfully obtaining evidence. Rape cases should involve specially trained individuals, if an untrained investigator was to handle a rape case the way a homicide case was handled even more issues can arise. Reducing Ethical Considerations From arrival at a crime scene the investigator must follow only the facts and remove any emotion from considerations.
Law enforcement is the branch of the criminal justice system which is responsible for protecting the public by preventing and solving crimes. (www.lawyers in sight.org) In conclusion, the criminal justice system is a system designed to deter crime and to protect law abiding citizens from those individuals that participate in criminal activities that could cause them to go to jail or possible
Meaning if you don’t have a lawyer then the government shall appoint one to represent you or pay your legal expenses to find one. (Wiki, 2012) the sixth amendment allows several options such as Choice of counsel, Appointment of counsel, Conflict-free counsel, Ineffective assistance of counsel and Pro Se representation. (Wiki, 2012) the right to counsel applies all through the criminal process. State courts must provide counsel at trial to indigent defendants who face even the possibilities of incarceration-and who are charge with any type of crime not just a felony. (Siegel & Worrall, 2010) all defendants have their right to their own counsel and even represent themselves then they waive their right to have an attorney.
Prosecution Versus Defense Paper Elizabeth Stebbins 220 March 10, 2013 David McNees Prosecution Versus Defense Paper The role of the prosecutor and the defense counsel are similar in as many ways as they are different. The prosecuting attorney represents society because a crime against one is seen as a crime against all. The defense attorneys represent the individuals’ accused of the crime. The prosecuting attorney “is responsible of preparing and presenting the state’s case against defendants in criminal and civil cases” (Meyer & Grant. 2003. p. 114).
Courtroom Discretion Q&A Response Misty Moore, Victoria Hardin and Elizabeth Ortiz CJA/224 September 19, 2011 Rick Rice Courtroom Discretion Q&A Response What is prosecutorial discretion? When a crime happens evidence is gathered, witnesses are found and a case file is established all the information. Due to an overabundance of case files, prosecutors review each file and which will be brought to trial. When there is enough evidence to convince the prosecutor the person suspected of committing the crime is guilty without a reasonable doubt, he or she will pursue the case to trial. Many decisions pertaining to a case going to trial and how actively they pursue the case are left up to prosecutors and how they view the evidence and what the evidence means to them.
get better grades Law enforcement is the first part of what makes up our criminal justice system. The criminal justice system has three main components including police, courts, and corrections. Police have an unending battle against crime, drugs, and other forms of social dysfunction. The police main duty is to protect the public; however the relationship between law enforcement and the public community is sometimes troubled. Some of the duties of law enforcement are to investigate law violations, gather evidence, make arrests, solve crimes, and then assist with the successful prosecution of suspects.
The criminal justice system has three central components: police, courts, and corrections. (Schmalleger, 2011) The police are the first in the system and possibly the most important. Police are made up patrol officers, investigators, and the office personnel who work beside them. Police are the ones who enforce the laws, investigate the crimes committed, and also apprehend the criminals. The police first have to conduct an initial investigation to decide whether or not a crime has actually been committed.
In other words, there are three main patrol functions, which are: Routine patrol, immediate response to calls, and follow-up investigations. WHAT IS REACTIVE PATROL? Reactive police is a practice or policy used by the police to engage with a community when citizens call upon them. When reactive policing is in effect, an officer goes to the scene of a crime only when a citizen calls in a problem; however, an outside force makes the officer perform and react services for the community ("What Is Reactive Patrol? ", 2014).
The Criminal Justice System is comprised of 3 sections, (1) Police or Law enforcement Agencies, (2) Courts, and (3) Corrections. Without all 3 sections working together, the Criminal Justice System would not work. The first person an offender comes into contact with is the police or law enforcement. These are the people who investigate and ultimately make the arrest. The Police and law enforcement agencies main purpose is to keep the streets and the people living on them safe from all types of crime.