In Murray’s eyes, the increase in divorce means that there is a decline in the traditional nuclear family; this is a result of breakdown of traditional morals and values. According to Murray, marriage is less supported by the state and allows single parent families to be on benefits which creates a dependency culture. This then offers perverse incentives. Additionally, with the numbers of marriages going down, the amount of couples that cohabit has increased. There has been an estimate that by 2020 there will be 3 million cohabiting couples.
The divorce act made irretrievable breakdown a justifiable reason as to why someone would request a divorce. This caused a large peak in divorce. The idea that marriage is a stable life-choice has now began to decrease for many people. If their partner was not suitable, or they just weren’t in ‘love’ anymore, divorce became a very easily availability, which is another factor for the rise in cohabitation and the decrease in marriage. Secularisation (decreased value of religion in society) has had a large impact on marriage and cohabitation.
From here in 1984 the law allowed couples to petition for a divorce after one year of marriage instead of three, meaning that couples no longer had to endure an empty shell marriage over a long period of time. These main laws made it easier for couples to divorce so nothing was holding them back from divorcing making it less lengthy to divorce a partner because of the new laws removing some lengthy processes e.g. proving fault. Another reason for high divorce rates in the contemporary UK is family changes. Functionalists like Fletcher believed that divorce was rising because people were raising their expectations in marriage, this suggests that higher divorce rates means higher value of marriage.
Some sociologists believe that society is not too diverse to have one type of family. In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in divorce rates, more remarriages and more births outside of marriage which has caused a large decrease in the number of nuclear families. There are now more reconstructed families, cohabitating families, same sex families and lone parent families.
These changes in fertility shows that more women are remaining childless than in the past and women are postponing having children, older women may be less fertile and have fewer fertile years remaining, so they produce fewer children. Sociologist have identified many reason for the decline in birth rate since 1900, these reasons involve a range of social, economic, cultural, legal, political and technological factors. Changes in the position of women also plays a role in the decline of birth rate, this is because there was a major change in the position of women during the 20th century. The change in position of women include legal equality with men, including the right to vote, increased educational opportunity this enabled girls to do better at school than boy. More women in paid employment, plus laws outlawing unequal pay and sex discrimination.
Similar gains took place in Massachusetts. The picture changes somewhat, however, if long-term trends are analyzed. Very soon after the revival the average number of admissions dropped considerably below where they had been in the 1730s. While it is true that these figures do not fully reflect the formation of new "Separate" and Baptist churches, they do seem to suggest that revival did not drastically increase the total number of people actually joining the church with a profession of faith over the entire period, 1730-1750. It seems rather to have concentrated church admissions in the years of its great impact.
Chapter 39: The Stalemated Seventies A. Describe the economic situation going into the 1970s- The baby boom generation would be making less money than their parents but as the economic growth crested, the American spirit gave an unaccustomed sense of limits. I. Sources of Stagnation A. List a few reasons economists speculate could be the cause of the slump in productivity increasing presence in the work force of women and teens (had lower skills, less likely to take full time jobs),declining investment in new machinery, general shift of American economy from manufacturing to services B.
Examine the reasons for changes in the divorce rate since 1969. It has been proven that divorce rates have increased rapidly in the least 50 years or so. This can be seen from the actual number of divorces each year and from the increase in the divorce rate. Firstly, one reason for changes in the divorce rate since 1969 is the change in how divorce is perceived by society. For example, 50 years ago divorce was considered to be shameful and dishonourable as it was considered good for society if couples got married and stayed together.
Her attempts to restructure the country seemed to be good in principle, however in reality seem to have caused more harm than good. There was too much emphasis on the world of finance and not the welfare of the whole population, the workforces of the nation suffered incredibly due to the new competitive nature of the private businesses. The unemployment of the 1980's has taken many years to correct, and the economic focus of her time in power, and lack of morality has left many with a very strong opinion about her and the decisions she
This is added to costs for advanced health care. Many feel that this will increase taxes, even causing some to not work because of how much they will have to pay to social security, putting an even further gap between the working and the elderly. We are often left with the question, what about us when we become elderly? When we reach elderly age, the elderly population will almost be doubled, and the working taxpayer percentages will be lower due to infertility, who