After the Civil War, the United States experienced a time of great social and economic change. Americans encountered an onslaught of innovations in technology and science and the rampant rise of big business. Rapid urbanization and industrialisation enveloped much of the north and eventually consumed the frontier. The United States renovated its former rural republic into an urban state as the once barren frontier disappeared and was replaced with steel mills, large factories, transcontinental railroad lines, capacious agricultural acreage, and prosperous cities. However, the accelerated progression of the country’s economy and affluence wrought consequential effects.
Technological advancements, quality of everyday life, and poor working conditions became major issues raised by the growth of Manchester, and people reacted to these issues in both negative and positive ways. Manchester became a hub of technological advancements, causing both positive and negative effects on everyday life. As seen on the maps in Document 1, in the course of a hundred years, Manchester's size more than tripled. Canals and railroads were built and much more area was being developed. This would mean a much larger population working in factories and more people easily able to move to Manchester to work.
GKE-1 Task 4 GKE-1 Task 4 A.) The Industrial Revolution brought about many social changes to both Europe and America. Two of the most significant changes are the large scale urbanization and rise of the labor unions. Urbanization as defined by the New Oxford American Dictionary is to make or become urban which relates to the characteristics of a city or population. Because of the creation of more job opportunities, a rise in population occurred.
Due to the effects of large-scale urbanization, the medical world was pressed to find solutions to life-threatening diseases such as smallpox and rabies. Improvements upon existing preventative medicine, such as inoculations, was also an important part of the Revolution; although the Industrial Revolution brought many improvements in transport and machinery, it heightened the misery of thousands of people living in poor living conditions with no proper sanitation. It was due to the lack of sewage systems and sanitary conditions that disease became endemic, and was synonymous with the Revolution. The advent of vaccinations reduced mortality rates drastically, improving the quality of life for
Rohan Vinaik January 21st, 2011 AP European History Manchester DBQ During the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries in Britain, many changes, both social and economic, occurred. A direct result of these changes was the rapid urbanization of the British countryside, causing intense population growth in previously lightly populated areas. A clear, textbook example of this rapid urbanization is Manchester. From the years 1750 to 1851, the population of Manchester rose from 18,000 to over 300,000. As this rapid population shift continued to intensify throughout the early 19th century, social problems began to manifest themselves upon the working class of these ‘new’ cities.
During the mid-nineteenth century through the beginning of the twentieth century, America went from being an agrarian rural society to an urban industrial one. With this shift, America experienced an explosive economic growth. By 1913, the nation was producing one third of the world’s industrial outcome. America started to become a more industrial nation since it was enjoying abundant natural resources, a growing supply of labor, an expanding market of manufactured goods, and the availability of capital for investment. The federal government played an important part as well since it promoted constructions by granting land to companies and using the army to remove the Indians from western lands desired by many.
When steam power replaced water power, industries and factories arose, creating industrialized areas which attracted more and more people with the promise of paying jobs. While the increase in America’s urban population was great for the labor market, it also had an effect on the social reforms of the areas. The overcrowding of some areas led to outbreaks of contagious diseases such as cholera and typhoid. Medical personnel
Assignment 1.2: Industrialization After the Civil War Strayer University Professor Irina Popova-Nowak HIS 105 – Contemporary U.S. History Jennifer C Maloney Due Date: August 4, 2014 The United States took steps toward becoming a much more industrialized nation following the Civil War. The effects of industrialization in the United States between 1865 and 1920 were visible in many aspects of American Society. Industrialization in the United States had both advantages and disadvantages in its effects on different groups in American life as well as the economy, politics and United States society altogether. Urbanization Industrialization and urbanization, or growth of cities, went hand in hand. Business and industrialization centered on the cities.
Progressive Movement Document Based Essay Name: ___________________________ Historical Context: As the United States transformed into an industrialized nation, the effects of this massive change were felt at all levels of society. Industrialization had long-term social, economic, and political effects on American society. Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge from chapter 9, answer the questions the following each document in Part A. Those answers will help you write and should be referenced in the Part B essay in which you will be asked to discuss the social, economic, and political reactions to industrialization and urbanization in the United States from 1890 to 1920. Part A: Short Answer (3 points each): Document #1: According to Jacob Riis, what problems developed as a result of urbanization?
1890-1930 The problems facing the nation in the late 19th century gave rise to the Progressive movement. Progressives were a diverse group with various--and sometimes contradictory--agendas. However, most focused on the problems arising from rapid industrialization, urbanization, increasing immigration, and corruption in the worlds of business and politics. Two of the problems confronted by Progressives are still central today. One was the dilemma of how to maintain the material benefits that flowed from the industrial revolution while bringing the powerful forces creating those benefits under democratic control and managing economic opportunity.