Eriksons Developmental Stages

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Erikson’s developmental Stages Erikson’s stages describe development throughout the whole lifespan. During these stages is clearly explains the developmental outcome whether it may be positive or negative. Throughout the stages you can see how people may react to whatever outcome they must pursue. During the first stage the ego developmental outcome should relate to trust vs. mistrust. This stage occurs during infancy from birth to 18 months. During this stage the child gains a sense of trust from their caregiver. By gaining this sense of trust it lets the child know everything is going to be alright and let’s know they have a safe place in this world. Without this sense of trust the child may grow up always feeling frustrated because needs were not met by the caregiver. Also not gaining the sense of trust could later on lead to suicidal attempts. In the second stage the ego developmental outcome should be Autonomy vs. Shame. Between the age of 18 months and 3 years the child will develop its fine motor skills. Walking, talking, and feeding themselves are only the minor characteristics developed. Self- esteem is built up as they acquire new skills in their body. Learning right from wrong is also a key challenge in this stage. By not acquiring these skills the child may feel shame and acquire low self-esteem. By meeting these standards the child feels a sense of happiness and autonomy. During the third stage Initiative vs. Guilt is the ego developmental outcome. This stage generally occurs during ages 3 to 5. The stage is sometimes called the “play stage” because children often imitate adults around them. Such as making up stories and acting them out with Barbie dolls, or toy cars. By doing this it makes the child feel like they know what it’s going to be like when they are older. Being frustrated over natural desire’s may often make a
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