Federalism and Marijuana Federalism and the Legalization of Marijuana Laramie Bahr POL 201 American National Government Jeremiah Chauncey 09 August 2014 Federalism and Marijuana The 'War on Drugs' has been raging across the nation since the passing of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. On the surface of it this 'war' seems noble and without ambiguity. Many states, however, see it differently when it comes to the possession, use, and growth of marijuana. In this essay I will show that federalism has been, and will continue to be, tested as the federal government and the states find themselves increasingly at odds over the issue of legalized marijuana. The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970 defined what drugs were illegal,
Drug Trafficking in the United States: New York America’s use and distribution of illegal narcotics directly contribute to the violence that plagues New York City streets. One would advance that drugs are the ‘underworld economy’ in America. They are being smuggled into the U.S from every direction and all kinds of ways. They are trafficked in and distributed to people of every age, race and social stature. According to a 2010 survey, the estimated populations of Americans that use drugs are 22 million (NSDUH, 2010).
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According to the New York Times “Tucson is hardly alone in feeling the impact of Mexico’s drug cartels and their trade. In the past few years, the cartels and other drug trafficking organizations have extended their reach across the United States and into Canada. Law enforcement authorities say they believe traffickers distributing the cartels’ marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and other drugs are responsible for a rash of shootings in Vancouver, British Columbia, kidnappings in Phoenix, brutal assaults in Birmingham, Ala., and much more.” (Archibold, 2009). Since President, Felipe Calderon took office and declared war on all Mexican cartels, in seems as if the cartels are becoming more violent. According to Colin Gray, “there have been well over an estimated 13,600 drug-related killings in the country.
Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Myths about Immigrants, http://www.truthinimmigration.org/Myths.aspx OneAmerica, With Justice for All. Myths and Facts on Immigration, http://www.hatefreezone.org/article.php?id=203. PBS In the Mix. Teen Immigrants: Five American Stories, http://www.pbs.org/inthemix/shows/show_teen_immigrants3.html.
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In 1971, President Nixon officially declares a "war on drugs". This policy was strengthened during the Reagan administration. “Reagan signs the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, which appropriates $1.7 billion to fight the drug war. The bill also creates mandatory minimum penalties for drug offenses, which are increasingly criticized for promoting significant racial disparities in the prison population because of the differences in sentencing for crack and powder cocaine. Possession of crack, which is cheaper, results in a harsher sentence; the majority of crack users are lower income…President George H.W.