Through the correction function of juvenile court system, young offenders are influenced to realize their potential by helping them to build acceptable vocational and interpersonal skills. Over the years, the juvenile justice system in the United States have been facing a major challenge trying to balance between punishments and transforming the behavior of young offenders (Heiss, 2006). The juvenile justice system has two divergent philosophies the conservative and liberal philosophies. The conservative philosophy is based on the premise of retribution. Retribution helps to remove offenders from the society through incarceration.
Phase 2 IP Instructor Clise Colorado Technical University On-line CJUS344-1104B-02 Jennifer A. Peterschick December 5, 2011 Abstract This report will discuss the differences between the juvenile court system and the adult court system. Do juveniles offenders have the same constitutional rights as adult offenders. What is a disposition and age jurisdiction? What crimes or circumstances can a juvenile be treated as an adult in most states? Where to put them?
Intermediate Sanctions Intermediate Sanctions With overcrowding in the juvenile facilities there was a search for some kind of program that would provide the most serious of the juvenile offenders a community based intensive supervision as a substitute to incarceration. The Office Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) responded to this need by funding Post adjudication Nonresidential Intensive Supervision Programs, a project that is overseen and run by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD). They wanted to identify and assess the intensive supervision program. They wanted to provide a program that kept juveniles out of long term facilities and possible give them a better chance and not committing crimes again. (OJJDP 1994).
Report 102 – Sentencing: Corporate Offenders. Retrieved from: http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lrc.nsf/pages/r102chp03 Packer, H. L. (1968). The Limits of the Criminal Sanction . Stanford, : Stanford University Press. Seiter, R. P. (2011).
Adult sentencing to juveniles will be historically discussed, statistically evaluated, study oriented, case based and quoted. Myths to this trend excess and programs initiated, that can integrate the future of a better light into the adult prison life as a juvenile. Courts acted as a […] “kind of well-meaning parent or kindly uncle looking after the best interests of the child…a view that …we should rehabilitate, not just punish, the child” (122). This form of juvenile justice was called parens partial (122). This system started to fade away and concerns grow as to how children were made into criminals in adult jails (122-123).
. .” - Judge LaDoris Cordell, Superior Court of Santa Clara County, California As the frequency and the seriousness of juvenile offending increases, our legislature has responded by making it easier for juvenile offenders to be tried as adults in the criminal justice system. This could be more harmful than helpful, as our juveniles get lost in a correctional system filled with hardened criminals, more opportunity to become repeat offenders, and less opportunity for rehabilitation. “If we could take every kid and surround the kid with full-time staffs of psychologists and child advocates and drug and alcohol counselors, then perhaps no kid should be in adult court. But the fact is, there are only a limited number of resources in the juvenile justice system, and they can only perform a limited number of functions.
Crime Causation and Diversion Toni Rowe CJA/374 June 4, 2012 University of Phoenix Crime Causation and Diversion Diversion is “an attempt to divert, or channel out, youthful offenders from the juvenile justice system” (Bynum and Thompson, 1996:430). The concept of diversion is based on the theory that processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more harm than good (Lundman, 1993). The basis of the diversion argument is that youth that commit petty crimes should be handled outside of the juvenile system and be sent to a program. The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice is an organization whose mission is to reduce society’s reliance on incarceration as a solution to social problems. This program is nonprofit and provides help to someone that is facing prison time, t educates the public about what effects prison has on a person, and it provides assistance to other jurisdictions that would like to establish programs for offender populations.
According to "Juvenile Court Procedure" (2012), "After committing an offense, juveniles are detained rather than arrested. Next, a petition is drawn up which outlines the jurisdiction authority of the juvenile court over the offense and detained individuals, gives notice for the reason for the court appearance, serves as notice to the minor's family, and also is the official charging document"(para 1). Moreover, juvenile offender cases are heard in family courts unlike adult cases that are heard in criminal court. In response, to all the information I provided, my opinion is that the juvenile process should definitely differ from the adult process. I think that juveniles should not receive a harsh of a process as adults because he or she are still kids themselves.
* Understand the many questions and problems concerning involuntary civil commitment. * Articulate the challenges of psychologists and other mental health professionals in evaluating the effects of sexual harassment. Summary Although criminal courts are covered extensively in various media, the average person is far more likely to come into direct contact with civil courts. In this chapter, the authors offer a representative overview of the types of civil cases that are most likely to require the services that forensic psychologists can provide. Juvenile courts are given considerable attention, both because they have much in common with criminal courts and because psychologists are so often a part of that landscape.