Dynamics of Migration in South Asia

4572 Words19 Pages
Dynamics of Migration in South Asia M Masud Hossain Khan Email: bengallines@gmail.com INTRODUCTION Migration is as complex as it is diverse, so predicting the impact of policy changes will be problematic until more research is done and better data obtained. In particular, the gender implications of migration are poorly understood and require more research. Migration also has important social and political implications along with the economic impacts. Conventional wisdom declares that international labour migration is a natural consequence of globalization – the process of rapid economic integration among countries driven by the liberalization of trade, investment and capital flows as well as rapid technological change. (Serriere, 1999) The migration landscape has changed quite dramatically since 1994. Exacerbated disparities between the North and South, an expanding global economy, geopolitical transformations, wars, ecological disasters, and many other occurrences, have had and continue to have a profound impact on people and on their choices to stay at home or to go abroad. Today, it is estimated that 175 million people live outside their country of birth. There are inseparable linkages between migration and remittances. Such linkages can make a visible contribution to the process of development. The creation of an integral policy framework that recognizes these linkages is central to enhancing the development benefits of both migration and remittances. Three broad issues can be highlighted in this regard. 1. Facilitating greater mobility of international labour. 2. Expanding formal financial institutions to encourage expatriate workers for using formal channels to send money. 3. Maximizing the developmental potential of remittances both at the national level and the migrants’ family level. Investment opportunity for the expatriate workers should be increased
Open Document