Usher Syndrome The ability to see and hear is amazing but often taken for granted. According to the National Institute of Health, 3-6% of children who are deaf and 3-6% of children who are hard of hearing are affected with Usher Syndrome. It is estimated that 4 babies in every 100,000 births have Usher Syndrome. Usher syndrome (USH) is responsible for 50% of all monogenic deaf-blindness cases. (Bonnet et al).
Family studies carried out by Gottesman in 1991 helped to look into this further. His studies concluded the following: Throughout the general population, 1% had the disease, 13% of children of people with it suffered but the highest family group connected to the person who suffered from schizophrenia was identical twins with 47%. This information proves that there is obviously a link between genetics and schizophrenia as it would seem the more genetically linked you are to a person suffering from schizophrenia, the more likely it is for that person to suffer from it themselves. However, the highest percentage of people most likely to inherit the disease from another person, identical twins, only account for 47% which is less than half of the population who could inherit, meaning that genetics are not entirely to blame and cant be seen as a completely accurate explanation for schizophrenia. The current belief is that there are a number of genes that contribute to susceptibility of schizophrenia, but none exhibit full responsibility for the disease.
There are a great diversity of childhood disorder forms and causes. Some of these disorders are primarily disorders of the brain, while others are more behavioral in nature. Whatever the cause of child’s disorders or illnesses, one basic rule applies to what to do about helping them: It is best to seek professional treatment at the earliest time possible. Early treatment and intervention for children's symptoms helps reduce the impact of those symptoms on further development. Untreated symptoms can snowball and lead to the development of sometimes severe secondary problems such as social, academic and occupational difficulties, addictions, poor self-esteem, suicide attempts, self-harm (cutting or burning oneself) and the like.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS, is the third leading cause of death in babies (U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services). More babies die in a year of SIDS than cancer, leukemia, heart disease, cystic fibrosis, and child abuse combined (“Sudden Infant Death”). But what is SIDS? The definition is the death of an infant within its first year that cannot be explained after an autopsy, an investigation of the place where the baby died, and a review of the baby's and its family's medical history. But what truly causes it is a mystery that leaves scientists and doctors with just guesses and tests to do.
However this study can be criticised because of its retrospective analysis after the disorder had developed, thus it may be more conclusive if a prospective study was conducted to show the ‘before and after’ effects within families. Tienari et al found the risk of developing schizophrenia was 4 times greater in adopted children with biological mothers with schizophrenia than those with ‘healthy’ parents. This again shows a strong genetic link absent of overriding environmental factors. However
Autism Autism is not nearly as widely known as the familiar Down's syndrome,yet surprisingly autism is far more widespread. Autism is a spectrum disorder. The symptoms and the characteristics of autism can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations,from mild to sever. Because the autism in children leads to family distress,treatment program should cover the family of autism affected children.The reality is that autism has many levels of severity . My chose for an opening statement will state the differences of the behavior at the known levels of severity,what treatment seem to be most successful at each level, and while the cause of autism remains mystery,research that includes positive behavior modification has been fairly successful.
The Office of National Statistics, interviewed parents, teachers, and children themselves, and found that many suffer from emotional problems such as depression, anxiety and aggression. Statistics show that over a 3 year period, children whose parents were split up were 4.53 more likely to develop emotional problems than those whose parents were still in one household, and were 2.87 times more likely to demonstrate the start of behavioral disorders. Edmondson, Brad/Waldrop, Judith “Single Parents Statistics” American Demographics, Dec93, Vol. 15 Issue 12, p36, 2p, 2 Charts, 1 Graph. Per the US Census Bureau single parents consist of “other families” which are households of unmarried couples.
The risk is highest for an identical twin of a person with schizophrenia. He or she has a 40 to 65 percent chance of developing the disorder (U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, 2009). It’s been proven that schizophrenia does run in families. However, the fact that there are multiple causes for schizophrenia including outside factors such as environmental causes proves the point further that no test screening is ever completely and entirely accurate. For example, just because a person gets the screening, and it comes back negative, doesn’t mean they may not develop schizophrenia later on in life.
Denise Cardona ID 2052*04 Brice, P., Hotto, S., Lam, K., & Szymanski, C. (2012). Deaf children with autism spectrum disorders. Summary: The purpose of this article was to figure out the prevalence of Autism among children with a hearing loss and to see whether or not other conditions exist. The authors used the 2009-2010 Annual Survey of Deaf and Hard of Hearing children, conducted by Gaullaudet University, as their method to identify how many children during the academic year had both hearing loss and autism. The survey identified that out of 12,600 students 611 of these children had both.The authors give credit to Gaullaudet University's research institute because they collect information that pertains to deaf children
The risk of inheriting schizophrenia ranges from about 10% for those who have one first-degree family member (mother, father, sister, brother) with the disease to about 40%-65% if the disease affects both parents and an identical twin. However,