Discuss the Effects of Suburbanisation (10 Marks)

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Discuss the effects of suburbanisation (10 marks) Suburbanisation is the movement of people and business from the city centre to the suburbs and rural urban fringe. An area affected by the process of suburbanisation is Richmond on Thames, West London. Richmond is located South West of the River Thames and was traditionally a relatively averagely populated suburb of London. Since infrastructure, transport links and local facilities have improved over the years, Richmond has become an increasing popular place to live. Richmond has a good railway link to the city, it is 12 miles away Heathrow airport, close of the M4 (major road), nearby attractions such as Twickenham, has a some of the lowest crime rates in the UK and has a very good level of education on offer. As a result of these ‘pull-factors’, the population of Richmond has been increasing as more people are finding it a desirable place to live. Due to the increased popularity, various effects have occurred as a consequence. These include, a rise in Richmond house prices, increased levels of traffic in Richmond, urban sprawl and less affluent people left living in the inner city, as they are the only ones who can afford the highly priced Richmond houses. A similar effect has happened in the city of Exeter. In Exeter, there has been suburbanisation, but with the majority of those moving being businesses, not people. Businesses have moved from the inner city to the suburbs and this has caused lots of problems. Mainly, it has effected in the increased outward expansion of urban areas, reducing the amount of green sites in the area. Parts of the Green Belt are also being invaded as a result of the expansion. The inner city is also taking a heavy hit. The inner city is finding itself with a smaller population and those that do still live there, are less affluent which on its own has knock-on social
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