This is around age two to three and a half. They will use the word girl or boy to label themselves and others around them but they don’t have a very good grasp on what is means to be a boy or a girl and still do not understand that our gender stays constant and the same in most cases. Gender Stability When children get to about three and a half they will begin to understand that their own gender will not be changing as they get older. For example by the time they are four they understand that when they grow up they are either going to be a Mummy or a Daddy. However even at this age children will be misled by appearances that do not match what they expect a man or a woman should look like.
If it’s listening or talking, some children and young people find it very difficult to communicate. It’s very important to a child’s development that they are encouraged to find ways of communicating with other children or adults. Obviously the sooner a child is found to have speech or language problem the better, as they can then get the help and support they need to develop their communication skills. Every child a talker is a suitable approach which promotes the importance of a stimulating and interesting environment in which children and young people are encouraged to develop their communication and language skills. It also supports the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework.
"Emotions pose an interesting problem for young language learners because they refer, in part, to unobservable internal feeling states"(Cervantes & Callanan, 1998 pg.88). The ability to show emotions starts to some extent with young babies. Children's emotions begin to develop more as they get older. Children learn from our society the standards which have been set regarding the types of emotions which are suitable for each gender (Cervantes & Callanan, 1998 pg.89). Boys are lead to believe they need to be stronger and more emotionless then girls.
These schemas are subject to change and as a child develops and matures cognitively these schemas become more flexible. By adolescence the schemas become flexible to the point to where a child’s cognitive ability is high enough to understand that the gender roles imposed on them are social constructs and many teenagers become more androgynous as a result. One strength that could be argued is that it is a valid cognitive explanation of gender development as, although contradicting Kohlberg’s cognitive development theory it is supported by research that clearly suggests that gender roles and stereotypes are established before gender is fully developed. One such example is the work of Fagot Et al where teachers found that re-enforcing boys and girls for the same behaviour the boys would not respond as the girls did to re-enforcement of feminine behaviour. This shows that boys already have ideas of the values associated with being male.
Commercials are about promoting and selling to one kind of audience, children. Their product must be appealing and often lie about the product but it gets it sold and children continue to want them. Article 4 (miller) Qualitative Differences among Gender Stereotyped Toys: Implications for Cognitive and Social Development in Girls and Boys According to what the article stated it was suggested that the early play experiences of girls and boys may contribute to gender differences in cognitive and social development, empirical support for this hypothesis is limited. (Miller, 1987) Such as girls or boys knowing the gender differences of toys and classifying them in a
A different child, in the same routine, may find it overwhelming and may grow up to avoid large groups, preferring a life path that is more secluded. We cannot determine how each child will react to cultural influences; it is critical that the most influential aspects of a culture be identified in order to give children the best opportunities to thrive. While culture is important to the development of a child, the debate of nature versus nurture has an even longer historical importance. I personally feel that culture and biological influences have equal influence on a child, meaning that nature and nurture go hand in hand. An example of this would be a child who has been adopted and shares the same environment (culture, household) with their sibling, but not the same genetic code.
Self- esteem is built up as they acquire new skills in their body. Learning right from wrong is also a key challenge in this stage. By not acquiring these skills the child may feel shame and acquire low self-esteem. By meeting these standards the child feels a sense of happiness and autonomy. During the third stage Initiative vs.
Skilled observation is important to correctly determine what is behind a child’s classroom behavior. Misinterpretation leads to difficulties for both teacher and child stemming from the teacher thinking that one cause has led to the child’s behavior, while the truth may be quite different (MacDonald, 2006). Children communicate through their bodies. Their physical actions reveal as much about them as the things they say. A major accomplishment during the early years is the development of social skills.
Another big transistion that most children or young person will expieirence is a birth of a sibling the reason why i believe this is a transistion is because they are adapting to a new situation which could either cause happiness or a eliment of jelousy. However i do think most children will feel both of these things however just at diffrent stages of their childhood. In my opinion most children will imitate the actions of thair parents in the sense of showing leadership and authoirity and trying to pretect their younger sibling which develops there mertanial instict in girls. Alternetively the child could go through a proccess of fravourtism of the younger sibling. which may cause the child to feel ingsignificant which may reflect on the childs behaviouer the child may start to be disobedeant and not listen.
During this time children tend to develop interests in hobbies and building relationships. The final stage is Genital stage (puberty to death). During this stage they have a strong interest in the opposite sex, are more focused on others as well as themselves and start to, and continue to, develop skills for healthy habits and a balanced