Law and Morality Laws and Morals are both a system of rules. Laws are a set of rules and boundaries that are established by authorities which must be obeyed; otherwise a sanction may be given. They are comprised of common law, civil law and statute law. Morals are beliefs, values and principles that are set by society or part of a society, determining what is right and wrong. Unlike law, compliance with morals is voluntary, but they are often enforced through social or domestic pressure.
The function of law is a binding custom or practice of a community. Its purpose involves maintaining peace, social justice, personal rights, and freedom. Rules conduct or act upon by a controlling authority, such as the government or judge. Law protects one’s rights in society and in a business with obligations and duties for one
In society and in business, law is also present to help keep the peace, promote justice, provide guidelines for competition and intellectual property to govern business growth, and protect people and the environment. (Bushman, 2007) The laws are created and delegated by the government and the court systems. The intention is to keep order and keep people and businesses safe and protected. In society many of the laws are meant to protect society members from business and protect businesses from certain people in society. So, role and functions of law intertwine between society and business.
Until 1999, the most northerly section of Northumberland Street from Northumberland Road onwards was still open to traffic which led to the shops in this part of the street being much less popular than those farther south. (Wikipedia, accessed March 2013). People who use bicycles do not ride down the street as it is a pedestrian only zone. There are no physical barriers in place to stop them doing this, but signs are in place at various access points warning of the regulations. We could look at this and ask why are the barriers needed?
Formal social control is that which is practiced by specific social agencies which have the role of maintaining order in society such as the police force. Informal social control is more subtle and reflects on the social interaction between people for example education. Formal and informal are designations that are given by an empowering body, usually the government but can also being a church etc. Formal social control agencies are then those agencies of the government that are authorized with social control roles, the police for example, and informal social controls agencies are social networks or organizations that are implicitly supported by the government but not directly created or controlled by the government. Both types of social control are effective in controlling the behavior of individuals.
The main difference between these officers and those at the state or federal level is they are the initial enforcement front for all criminal laws. Police Chiefs are usually appointed by the mayor but sometimes elected to office. They can be anywhere from a detective to a dispatcher to jailers that protect us as citizens and enforce laws passed at all levels of government. Their activities are generally limited to the jurisdiction they're assigned to, as opposed to officers at the state or federal level. State enforcement officials are normally elected by county voters in most states.
Relationship between Public and Private Police CJS/250 Robert Krause July 22, 2012 In the world of security, there exist two distinct branches that work toward the same goal of safety for the people in each community. These two branches are public police and private police. Public police are easily seen, they are governed by a set of rules that helps protect them as well as the population. Private police is a growing industry. In some communities they hold many of the same powers as the public police and are intended to uphold the same standards as their public counterparts.
The Role of Law Law is defined as the principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision ("Law | Define Law at Dictionary.com," 2014). Whether in your daily life or while working, laws are in place to protect everyone. There are different roles of law and how they apply to the different parts of the parts of the everyday world. We are going to look into the three different classifications of law; Criminal and Civil Law, Substantive and procedural Law, and Public and Private Law. Criminal and Civil law are linked together as times, but there are some vast
Outline and evaluate the definitions of abnormality A social norm is behaviour in any given society which is considered acceptable and regular, these norms are often based around the law set by the authorities or in some cases the unwritten law of the citizens within the society, it is expected that all people abide by these norms therefore any deviation from the norms is branded abnormal behaviour. Social norms vary hugely between not just countries and cultures but also areas within countries or even boroughs. Due to this wide diversity there have been criteria set into place to identify whether the behaviour is abnormal. There are also a number of criteria for one to examine before reaching a judgment as to whether someone has deviated from society's norms. The first of these criterion being culture; what may be seen as normal in one culture, may be seen as abnormal in another.
John Locke and the Baron de Montesquieu emphasises on the fact that each element should have a separate identity. This doctrine is usually used in states for its governance even though not in the same way ,such as for the US and the UK which use this doctrine but it differs upon how separate are the different component of the Separation of Powers. The Components of the Separation of Powers: The Legislative Power The legislative main function is the publication of general rules which determines the power and structure of public authorities. It also involves controlling the behaviour of citizens and private organisation. The Executive Power It consists of officials and public authority whose roles are to execute the function of the government, civil service and armed force.