Although the end of the American civil war marked the end of slavery for African Americans, it did not mark their acceptance and equality with white people. Many southern states resented losing their slaves and were determined to keep African Americans as second class citizens. In 1950 segregation was in full force, meaning African Americans had separate churches, public transport, theatres, schools, hotels, swimming pools and many other facilities to white people. Segregation also applied to where people lived, so African Americans could only live in certain areas separate from white people, with these areas being much worse than the white suburbs, despite the separate but equal principle. Even when this was challenged in the Plessy vs Ferguson Supreme Court case the separate but equal principle was found to be constitutional.
"Explain how freedoms for African Americans were socially, politically, and economically limited from 1865 to 1900?” Socially, blacks were subjected to segregation and discrimination. Segregation wasn’t really a large problem to them, however, as they were more interested in forming a black community rather than integrating with the whites. However, I mean, it is still pretty awful to be treated like you’re not a being worthy enough to drink out of the same water fountain or attend the same school based on skin color. Blacks were subjected to many dehumanizing things socially speaking. Oh, and lets not forget the KKK (if that falls into this category; I think it does) who harassed, intimidated, and killed black people.
All of this was put in place to ensure that it was incredibly difficult for African-Americans to improve their status. However, in 1947 President Truman released 'To Secure These Rights' which outlined the basic rights of all American citizens. This included jobs, homes, education, anti-lynching and voting rights but no legislation followed so there was very little impact. Despite this, Truman issued an executive order which ended discrimination in the Armed Forces which to an extent improved the status of African-Americans. Education was also a big factor resulting in limited progress of improving the status of African-Americans because they consistently received a lower standard of education.
The reason for the riots were because the black powers were getting fed up with the slow change nonviolent protest that Martin Luther King was behind were actually doing for the African Americans. However the riots actually discarded some Martin Luther King’s work as it loss supports from the whites which Martin Luther King had worked hard to gain through peaceful protests. The loss of sympathy and supporters form the whites due to the black powers violent methods can be seen as hindering the black civil rights fight for equality and rights. The riots were broadcasted all over America through media, with the African Americans looking like violent thugs and thus creating a negative perception of them, this again caused a huge loss of sympathetic white supporters. Although the riots
Reconstruction was successful at giving blacks many more rights than they had in earlier years but failed to enforce the laws protecting the rights of Blacks in the South. Some southerners believed that blacks had more than enough rights. However, Reconstruction failed to bring justice and social and economic equality to freed blacks. Reconstruction was not a total failure, it helped freed blacks acquire many of their individual rights. Republicans in congress passed amendments to protect the rights of freed Blacks.
Firstly, during President Truman’s time in office life improved slightly for black Americans. This was because President Truman became committed to challenging Southern racism and he aimed to reduce lynching, police brutality and discrimination in the armed forces. To achieve his aims he established The Presidents’ Committee on Civil Rights in 1946 and commissioned a report examining the experience of racial minorities in America. This report was called ‘To Secure These Rights’ (1947). While this report was very significant, its proposals were only recommendations and in practice Truman was not able to achieve every proposal due to a lack of support from Congress.
Refugees was a term that caused denunciations by blacks leaders because it seemed to deny that black folk were citizens of the nation. A few critics suggested that “the black poor could be considered refugees because they were fleeing a catastrophe and seeking a refuge away from their homes”. The truth is that black folk felt that they had already, for so long, been treated as foreigners in their own land. The blacks were constantly looking to claim the rights and privileges that their bitterly fought for membership in the society should provide. The media has been largely responsible for communicating the culture’s bigotry toward the black poor.
The leaders of the Progressive movement, while preoccupied with their desire of gaining greater democracy for the American people, thought only in the terms of the white population. African Americans were, for the most part, ignored by Progressive presidents and governors. The Progressive era coincided with years of racial tensions. The Progressives during this time period did nothing about segregation and lynching. This was due to the fact that they shared in the general prejudice of their time and because of the fact that they considered other reforms (such as lower tariffs) to be more important that anti-lynching laws.
Angelou also states, “If Joe lost we were back in slavery and beyond help. It would all be true, the accusations that we were lower types of human beings”. With this statement she describes the mistreatment of African Americans that was ongoing at that time; even though slavery no longer existed many white people still treated African Americans as inferiors. Louis needed to win in order to eliminate all the false accusations once and for all. In the last paragraph, once it is revealed that Louis won the fight, Angelou once again addresses the racial conflicts.
After the civil rights era’s and all of the bills and supreme court rulings like the transportation equality act, prohibited discrimination In public accommodations, educations and employment, Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and the American Indian Movement just to name a few. These acts were implemented to remove oppression but actually today in 2014 Oppression is still happening especially on blacks and Hispanics. The oppression happens as a bi product from white privilege. People are oppressed because African Americans and Hispanics cannot do certain things that white Americans can do. This can be linked to negative stereotypes about these races.