* People with posttraumatic stress disorder appear to be more hypnotizable. * Your hidden observer refers to the part of the self that experience what the part of the self responding to hypnotic trance does not consciously experience and the aspect of your personality that does not allow you to achieve a hypnotic state. * The process of glove anesthesia was done in order to treat headaches. * If Sandra uses yoga, then she is experiencing concentrative
Experimental Research PSY/285 February 17, 2013 Experimental Research Pharmaceutical Research: Sleeping Aids There are many different kinds of sleeping aids that can help someone fall asleep today. Insomnia is when a person has a hard time falling asleep, staying asleep, or a disturbance in the quality of sleep a person gets that will make them feel they are not well rested when they do wake. Insomnia is more common today then we think, about 10% of adults suffer from severe insomnia. Lack of sleep may cause someone to have no motivation, mood swings, and not be able to function to their full potential. Insomnia has also been known to cause depression, anxiety, and stress, which in turn can cause other health problems.
“What is Hypnosis?” Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Introduction In this essay I will discuss the psychological and physical aspects of this state and then discuss the role of Relaxation within the practise of hypnotherapy. What is Hypnosis? The word Hypnosis comes from the Greek work Hypnos for sleep. A hypnotic state is in fact a naturally occurring state of mind.
Our brain would be exhausted if it had to remember to breathe every time the body needs oxygen. I read that Sigmund Freud was one of the first people to raise the idea of the subconscious. He called this mind the ‘id’ - an idea that hypnosis places the unconscious mind at an otherwise unreachable level. It opens up the subconscious mind to the suggestion by the hypnotherapist. I believe that these suggestions can help people make positive changes within themselves.
Anti depressants such as MAOI’s which increase the available amount of nor adrenaline in the brain, were found to be effective for elevating the symptoms of depression. So when noradrenalin is increased in the brain, symptoms of depression get better, suggests that it is chemicals that are the root cause of depression. This idea is also found in the results of taking reserpine, a drug used to treat high blood pressure. Depression is a unwanted side effect of this drug, as this drug acts by lowering levels of nor adrenaline. So again strongly suggests that low activity noradrenaline, is a factor contributing to the cause of depression.
Explaining the different stages of consciousness closely associated with the hypnotic states, these stages are identified as brain wave frequencies. Whilst exploring these frequencies, discussing the effects on the different characteristics of the body and mind. Describing the use of relaxation in hypnotherapy. It may be said that when thinking about hypnosis we believe that we are in a trance. Not all trance states are hypnotic (Waterfield.
Sleep paralysis is a condition that restricts the body from moving and at times speaking while in the transition of falling asleep or awakening (Wickens). There are two other sleep stages that must be addressed to show the steps of narcolepsy in the body. The first being nonrapid eye movement sleep (NREM) which is the first phase at the start of sleep (Nishino). NREM only occurs for about the first hour and a half of sleep then is followed by rapid eye movement(REM) sleep where dreaming takes place. It is common in normal sleep patterns to move in and out of REM and NREM sleep but it was found to be more increased among narcolepsy patients to move into REM more often than normal (Nishino).
Outline and Evaluate one explanations of sleep disorders Narcolepsy is caused by disruption of sleep wake cycle, where sufferers fall asleep randomly, often whilst engaging in some kind of activity. It is a long-term neurological condition that disrupts normal sleeping patterns which affects 1 in 2000 individuals. The two main symptoms are excessive daytime sleepiness and episodes of cataplexy which is loss of muscular control which often happens when laughing. Other symptoms include sleep paralysis and hallucinations, both experienced when falling asleep and waking up, and disturbed night-time sleep. Narcolepsy usually begins in adolescence and the type of severity of symptoms vary from person to person and may either worsen or improve with time.
J., 2011). The behavioral perspective states it is through operant conditioning that a person gains dissociative disorder. The person lets their mind drift for a bit to relieve the stress and anxiety from a recent trauma. The person is reinforced with forgetting so it occurs more and sometimes severely later on. Treatments There are three major types of treatment that seem to be successful; psychodynamic therapy, drug therapy, and hypnotic therapy.
Theta waves were observed in the brain regions where the old memories, sensations and emotions are kept (relaksacja.pl, 2010). Hypnotic state can be divided into following stages: light hypnotic state (characterized by the relaxation), medium hypnotic state (people being hypnotised can not open the eyes but they do not loose the memory) and deep hypnotic state (hypnotised people can open the eyes, speak and walk during the