The theory behind this was that if taxes were increased or left at their same rate, the amount of money brought into the government would be x. But if taxes are cut, GDP rises. The rise in GDP plus the lower taxes would be greater than x, causing an increase in tax revenues. This would push the supply curve to the right also increasing real Gross
An increase in output (Y) leads to an increase in consumption (we model this simply as C = c0 + c1Y). An increase in output and a decrease in interest rates both act to increase investment (the simple model representation of this idea is I = b0 + b1Y - b2i). So a monetary expansion, which increases output and decreases interest rates, will increase both consumption and investment. b. How does a monetary expansion (in an economy will flexible exchange rates) affect net exports?
If exports were to increase this would result in an increase in AD, as the balance of payment is a factor. The subsequent result of this increase in AD would mean an increase in supply, leading to an increase in the rate of employment, as firms are forced to take on more workers in order to fulfil demand. This means that the increase in exports would reduce specifically cyclical unemployment ( demand deficient unemployment). This is because the increase in exports would result in a increase in AD, hence curing the deficient demand. Furthermore, the cost of the formerly unemployed, i.e.
As stated in extract 1, it tells us that the goods we import are not made in the UK and so makes it impossible to replace the imports, therefore meaning that we still have to import goods, despite the high prices due to the low exchange rate of sterling. This is partnered with the fact that some suppliers (shown in extract 1) have agreed long term supply contract with cheaper overseas suppliers before the depreciation of the sterling and so they are now paying high prices. This may mean that these suppliers may have to increase the prices of these goods, therefore leading to cost push inflation due to trying to maintain a decent profit margin in the hope the demand for the good does not drop dramatically. However, it is stated that there still may be a large price differential with countries such as China and India, even after sterling's depreciation. On the other hand however, as stated in extract 1, line 8, volume of good imported has also increased by 16% and inflation has continued well above target.
It hurts and slows down economic growth. More investments lead to lower prices, more jobs, and overall higher standards of living. The second problem is that with a high national debt, the government has to pay interest to the bondholders. Servicing the debt has been known due to the fact that the government pays interest on
ECO/372 Learning Team Aggregate Demand and Supply Models The Keynesian economists would look at the current proposal of increasing taxes as a governmental expression of the intermediate approach to the economy. The government taking control and having the people pay the price for their higher tax bracket. These funds would be used to decrease the amount of money owed by the United States. The effects of the economy would be absorbed and educated responses would be to lessen those impacts. To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost.
Explain how an increase in federal budget deficit due to recession can stabilize the economy. A deficit means that the government spends more than it receives in tax revenues in a given year (O’Sullivan, Sheffrin, & Perez 2010, p. 374). The total deficit is spending, plus all the interest payments on top of the original debt, minus the total tax revenue (http://www.blurtit.com). There are three factors, known as automatic stabilizers, that affect and stabilize the economy, they are: 1) government purchases of goods and services, such as public safety, government transfer of payments, and unemployment insurance, 2) Medicaid or Medicare etc.,and 3) the collection of taxes. If the government cut taxes or increases transfer payments such as unemployment insurance and food stamps this helps to offset the decrease in household income.
This would increase the costs and result in the firms passing on the costs to the consumers, this would increase the prices of the goods causing negative externalities and discourage them from being bought. If there is an over production in the goods due to negative externalities, it means (s) has shifted to (s1). Which results in too many goods being supplied out to the public. The prices are also very low which makes it easier for them to buy goods, especially those with lower income. At the point the social cost [s1] is not taken into account only the private cost is.
* Lowering banks’ interest rates. This will increase the consumer consumption as they will borrow at lower rates and therefore it will encourage them and business owners to investment more and increase the economy growth. * The government should increase their spending. This will increase the flow of money in public and private sectors which lead to empower businesses and bring people back to work after the
When there is a greater disposable personal income this will allow consumption to increase due to the money saved from the lower tax rate. Through consumption increasing this will favour economic because the gross domestic product has increased. When government expenditures are increased it will have a multiplier effect on aggregate demand. Because of the multiplier effect, the government can increase spending by only a small amount to achieve a larger, necessary increase in aggregate demand. By doing so, the economy will be able to attain an equilibrium level of real