To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost. The Keynesian economists would look at government spending as a means for the government to stop the little growth the economy has had and is to have. The government spending would make it so the people would not have the money to spend within the states and they would have to go without needs and desires. This in turn would be the money that could be used within the economy.
If they are out of season and output is down, less help is needed so layoffs will occur. Next you want to make sure your company is well respected based on the moves you make. Government plays an important role in the economy. By manipulating the arsenal of tools within a fiscal policy, the government can either speed up or slow down the economy depending upon what issues needs to be addressed socially and economically. By completing this simulation I have learned how decisions relating to fiscal policy can affect the economy.
As the capital is put back into the economy the demand for supplies will go up. As the demand rises the amount of supplies will also rise increasing the need for employees and in turn putting more available spending capital in the hands of the buyers. By increasing government spending there is more money being put back into the pockets of the people. This return in turn frees up capital citizens are able to put back into goods and services increasing demand. Lowering taxes can also leave money in citizen’s pockets but it also takes away from the amount of money the government is able to use to stimulate the economy by spending.
Monetary policy is the use of interest rates to manipulate the level of aggregate demand in the economy and loose (expansionary) monetary policy is a reduction in the interest rates. This will result in an injection of extra consumption because it is cheaper to borrow money on credit cards and therefore allowing consumers to spend more which will cause an increase in aggregate demand (AD). Additionally, extra consumption will allow shops to gain more profit preventing “business failures.” Furthermore, mortgages will be cheaper and therefore consumers feel richer and there will an extra injection of consumption. AD will also increase due to an increase in investment, causing an increase in aggregate demand from AD1 to AD2 as shown below. However,
If the interest rate is low, it will cause more funds to be available, greater expansion and increased employment. If the interest rate is high, it will cause fewer funds to be available, less expansion, and decreased employment. Fiscal policy is an important tool for managing the economy because of its ability to affect the total amount of output produced or the gross domestic product. The first impact of a fiscal expansion is to raise the demand for goods and services. This greater demand leads to increases in both output and prices.
The author’s main theory is that the economy is headed for a recession. The text book defines fiscal policy as: Changes in government spending and tax collections designed to achieve a full-employment and non inflationary domestic output. Government spending is understated and slightly overlooked in the article. The author only hints of the fact that federal government spending on defense is down. “Another negative factor was a 6.6 percent drop, on an annualized basis, in federal defense spending.” She supports that the decrease in GDP is directly related to the decrease in government spending g which proves how fiscal policy can affect overall economic growth.
Decreasing the interest rate effectively increases consumer and businesses consumption. Lower interest rates also increase investments and net exports (Hubbard, 868). These increases push true GDP back in line with potential GDP and, as a result, production increases. This increase in production also increases the need for workers, ultimately increasing employment. Conclusion The Federal Reserve is a very powerful entity and has a large amount of influence on how our nation’s economy performs.
If the government cut taxes or increases transfer payments such as unemployment insurance and food stamps this helps to offset the decrease in household income. Additionally, when government cuts corporate taxes, it helps prevent businesses from cutting expenses as much as they would during a recession. Therefore, an increased federal budget deficit can help stabilize an economy for as households’ disposable income rises they will spend more. Fortunately, mechanisms such as automatic stabilizers are in place to neutralize the ups and downs of the economy without having to
With reference to extract one, assess the likely effect of a fall in the sterling exchange rate on the UK’s deficit in the trade of goods and services. (12 marks) A fall in the exchange rate of 25% means the pound becomes weaker, this means imports are more expensive, and exports are cheaper. As a result of this, this may mean a large increase in demand for exports and a considerable decrease in demand for imports, therefore decreasing the deficit of the balance of payments in the UK as predicted. However, if the goods we are importing and exporting are inelastic, meaning they have a less than proportional response to price, an increase in the price of imports, and a decrease in the price of exports may not have a great effect on the trade of goods and services and so therefore not improve on the deficit the UK holds. As stated in extract 1, it tells us that the goods we import are not made in the UK and so makes it impossible to replace the imports, therefore meaning that we still have to import goods, despite the high prices due to the low exchange rate of sterling.
The theory behind this was that if taxes were increased or left at their same rate, the amount of money brought into the government would be x. But if taxes are cut, GDP rises. The rise in GDP plus the lower taxes would be greater than x, causing an increase in tax revenues. This would push the supply curve to the right also increasing real Gross