The revolution forced by the Bourgeoisie was for the third estate as well the first two estates to be treated equally. The causes of the two revolutions were very different. The Americans wanted to be out from under the British control. The reason for this is because ever though the Americans and still be considered British colonist, through passing generation the emotional connection to the mother land has been lost. The colonist of America to their self no bigger believed they were or wanted to be British citizens so the Americans dragged Britain in 1775 by starting the revolution and the creating their own government in 1776.
Henry’s unusual toleration of the Huguenots caused trouble for the native Catholics in France and angered Pope Clement but this toleration would somewhat prevail in the Edict of Nantes because of what the nation and the two factions suffered prior to its creation. The Edict of Nantes not only granted successions to both sides but they were far fairer to the Huguenots including the granting of their civil rights, the rights that they lost in the Edict of Boulogne. The Edict of Boulogne was a slap in the face for the Huguenots as it segregated them from modern society, permitting them to only preach in the towns of La Rochelle, Mountauban and Nimes and even with that, only in their own homes. No
The war between Britain and France ended with the victorious British deeply in debt and demanding more revenue from the colonies. The Sugar Act, Currency Act, Stamp Act, and Quartering Act were all designed to make the colonies(which were in fact deeply indebted to England)carry some of the load for and provide support to their mother country. Unfortunately these legitimate acts were made illegitimate by the fact that they were demanded without representation. A popular phrase before the revolution was in fact, “No taxation without representation.” When the colonies applied for representation in Parliament they were ultimately brushed aside.The colonial leaders called continuosly for a boycott of English goods and the British sent troops in the city.These troops shot and killed five men in the Boston Massacre.The colonies responded with the Boston Tea Party and the fight went on until the win of the U.S. The enlightment ideas also helped American people in their revolution with thinkers such as John Locke and
In 1625 Buckingham decided England needed a new ally in Europe in France after the failure of the Spanish match, they could see diplomatic advantages, France was becoming worried about the successes of the Hapsburg Spanish and might be persuaded to take part against them. This however made Puritan minded MPs suspicious of Charles as not only was Henrietta Maria, the King’s prospective wife, Catholic, but also the terms of marriage included toleration for Catholics – something Parliament would certainly not welcome, rather it resented the Crown’s decision to do this. The Alliance with France however, had broken down by 1627 leading England into war. Buckingham was to blame because it was his flawed policy of creating an alliance with the French under terms not possible to keep such as toleration for Catholics, which caused the French Chief Minister to decide not to join the English in a war against the Hapsburgs, because of which Buckingham reversed his policy of French alliance. Furthermore to gain popularity Buckingham decided to help the Huguenots who were held at the port of La Rochelle – again this was another flawed move as now England was at war with two countries.
Deep divisions in politics combined with distrust in foreign nations and growing domestic turmoil paved the way for the passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts by the Federalists. The two major parties of early America were the Anti-federalists and the Federalists. The schisms in politics resulted from the fierce rivalry between Hamilton and Jefferson. Both had different notions of how government should be run, especially when it came to the foreign policy. As France and England battled for European supremacy against the backdrop of the French Revolution, the American parties sought opposite alliances with the European rivals.
He knew that by resigning his command he would prove that the ideals of the Revolutionary War were real, not mere excuses to avoid paying taxes. Many Americans were equally devoted to liberty and law and would have done the same thing in Washington's place. But, fortunately, Washington combined that devotion with ambition and ability to lead America through eight years of war, facing a skeptical Congress and a frustrated army. Direct democracy was very much opposed by the framers of the United States Constitution and some signers of the Declaration of Independence. They saw a danger in majorities forcing their will on minorities.
To what extent was Pitts repressive policies the main reason for his success in defeating the radical challenge in 1801? Outside of parliament and of the rich and powerful there were many people who wanted change; the French revolution had a profound and ongoing effect on political, social, and religious life and on the government in Britain. Many people wanted to see the changes that were occurring in France to happen in Britain, as many of the working class people were not happy with there role in society and they wanted reform. Pitt acted quickly against the threat posed by the radicals, the new societies and the publications they produced, this was known as Pitts ‘reign on terror’. Fresh legislation restricting freedom of speech, writing and assembly was passed from 1792 to 1801, to reinforce these new laws the yeomanry were called in to reinforce these new laws.
Another main cause of the revolution and a fuel to the already burning fire was unfair taxation by the government in both nations. In America, the acts of parliament were taxing the colonies and interfering with America's trade and not allowing them to grow or prosper as a nation. Taxation without representation was tyranny. They felt that they should be taxed only by their own assemblies, made up of their own representatives. France on the other hand, was in constant financial difficulties.
This came mostly from the French. France wanted Americans to win because France and Great Britain were enemies. France and the United States ended up in alliance and signed the Treaty of Anmity and Commerce. Spain didn’t directly help, but did attack British interests and threaten Britain itself. If it wasn’t for the colonists’ spirit, Americans probably never would have won the war.
The American Revolution was one the most important events in American history. Most people think that it was a war fought between the British and Americans for American independence and that the Americans had won. The Americans were tired of the British testing their power in the new colonies, so they had started to smuggle and boycott goods from Britain. Eventually the colonies grew impatient and decided that they wanted their independence. The year 1763 was marked as a turning point in American History.