Compare And Contrast Babylonia And Hammurabi

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When traveling to a new destination, one might rely on information such as a map, GPS, or fellow travelers. What if one was able to travel to a different time period such as 1792 B.C.? These resources would no longer be beneficial; in fact, they would be nonexistent. During this time, Babylonia was under the rule of Hammurabi. He was known for establishing one of the oldest collections of laws still in existence today. This collection was known as the Hammurabi code and affected the entire population from nobleman to slave. When compared to present day laws, many similarities and differences can be found in areas such as crime and punishment, real estate, and family matters. The story of Mesopotamian civilization begins over four thousand…show more content…
In moments where a decision had to be made quickly, a leader was generally appointed. As the region and its people expanded, the need for a leader also increased. Hammurabi aimed to win the friendship of all the societies in Mesopotamia. He did so by repairing their walls and temples and building canals that produced great harvests throughout all the land. This region became one of the most fertile lands in all of Babylon. It was believed by the people that Hammurabi was chosen and influenced by the gods. Thus, whatever he enforced as a law was also believed as the law of the gods. Hammurabi and his people believed Marduk, the supreme god, chose him to create and enforce this code. Hammurabi ruled the Babylonian empire from 1792-50 BCE. He was concerned for maintaining order in his kingdom, hence the creation of his code; however, these laws were also used to unify the groups he controlled, as his territory grew. The code of Hammurabi consists of two hundred and eighty paragraphs on civil and criminal law. It pertained mainly to everyday life and served as a legal aid for anyone seeking advice. The Code of Hammurabi consists of three sections known as the Prologue, the Laws, and the Epilogue. The purpose of the code was stated in the first section, the Prologue. The actual laws were listed in the Epilogue and the final section listed the consequences for violators of the Code. Hammurabi's code covered all aspects of Babylonian life. Marriage, slavery, trade, property, commerce and much more was included. When one was in violation of any part of the code, punishment was often

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