At the peak of the New Kingdom, Egypt consisted of around three million people, so a well organized government was necessary. Egypt's government was very influential and crutial to the way we live today They were ruled by one person with many advisors, was a theocracy, had laws, had social classes, and taxes. Ancient Egypt's government consisted of many intricate parts that shaped the Egyptian ways of life (“Ancient Egyptian Government”). The Egyptians were controlled by one king, called Pharaoh. However, the king was not always called a pharoah.
The king or temple leaders had controlled large agricultural estates, and collected taxes from their subjects. While the Egyptians started out with separate kings for upper and Lower Egypt. That was until one ruler named Menes united them both. In Mesopotamia the ruler Sargon who was king of the city state Akkad, decided to unite the city states and became ruler of Sumer and Akkad. Much like Menes did with upper and lower Egypt.
Ruling over the kingdom was a pharaoh, who was not only a king but was also seen as a god. Provinces were ruled by monarchs better known as provincial governors. The Egyptians devised themselves into classes, upper class, middle class, and a lower class. The pharaoh and his family were at the top of the Egyptian class system. People could move from one class to another depending on their situations.
Victoria Valean 09-07-13 Period 01 Egypt and Mesopotamia: Compare and Contrast During the New Stone Age, also known as the Agricultural Revolution, two civilizations ascended. Although many similarities can be shown between the two, they each are very different from each other culturally, geographically, socially, politically, and religiously. Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt developed during the same time period, 5000-6000 B.C., geographically; they both had a source main of freshwater; the Nile River for Egypt, and the Tigris and Euphrates River for Mesopotamia. Both civilizations also have access to major trading seas, coming from their main Rivers. Egypt and Mesopotamia’s river’s provided most of the needed water for their crops.
Ancient Egypt vs Mesopotamia: the political, social economical aspects of two ancient civilizations Egypt and Mesopotamia were both great Empires of the ancient world, and have left equally great impacts on history and shaped the world we live in today. And while these impressive civilizations shared many similarities in areas such as politics and economics, society, they also shared many differences. At first glance, the political patterns in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia seem fairly similar, sharing an upper/ruling class consisting of priests and nobles however there are many fundamental differences between the two. Mesopotamia’s ruling class consists mainly of priests and later rulers of city states, in Egypt however the ruling class is almost completely taken up by the pharaoh, ;A god among men to the egyptians, who ruled over all of Egypt; followed by members of the royal family and important priests. Egyptian government was much more centralized than the city states of Mesopotamia.
Both these civilizations used a bureaucracy as their form of government. Though they both had the same kind of government, it was organized differently. Egypt had one large government throughout the region, and in the Indus Valley, each city-state had a different group of government workers. Minimal evidence has been found indication social hierarchy in the Indus Valley, however it is certain that Egypt had a social structure with pharaohs on top and peasants on the bottom. The Indus Valley and Egypt both had their own writing systems.
Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt and early Mesopotamia are the most known of the early civilizations. The two have differences and similarities culturally, socially and the environmental pattern. These two civilizations have given us all an idea on what things were like thousands of years ago, and they also give light onto certain cultures of today. Mesopotamia is modern day Iraq and Ancient Egypt runs along the Nile River. The Mesopotamian economy was increasingly diverse.
However they also share a number of differences because they developed in different regions with different natural influences. Egypt and Mesopotamia were both governed by god-kings. The idea of a god-king was common in early complex societies. A king established his rule by a divine right bestowed upon him by the gods of his people. Mesopotamia was broken into thirty-five separate city-states and “The ruler of each city-state claimed to rule with the support of the local guardian deity…” (Hansen and Curtis 36).
Many queens were closely related to the religious groups bad the masses. In terms of politics many new kingdoms had reframed as established themselves as strong military forces. Hatshepsut was an influncetial holder of the title god 's wife of amun and later she was able to transform her religious influncevto political power which made her the Aaron of ancient egypt. While keading the world of Egypt she made many shrines and a pair of obelisks to the temple of amun at Karnak. She also added various temples throughout Egypt and dier el Bahari on the west bank of thebes being the most unique project.
What was mummification, its significance, and what happened after one was mummified? Religion was a large and crucial part of the Egyptian’s everyday lives. Their religion was based on polytheism, or the worship of many gods and goddesses; they did not believe in only one god. Furthermore, their gods, for the most part, took the forms of half human and half animal of some type. Citizens of ancient Egypt believed in many gods all through the Old Kingdom.