All had representative assemblies Chapter 3 – Settling the Northern Colonies Pilgrims: Who; the most religious out of Puritans (Separatists) What; traveled for religious freedom When; arrived in New England in 1620 Where; from England Why; King James I chased them out because he feared that if they defy him as a spiritual leader, they would defy him as a political leader How; went to New England on the Mayflower Mayflower Compact; i. Purpose- for better “ordering and preservation”. They have to be unified to survive ii. Enact laws – by the body politic (majority vote) iii. Laws are just and equal iv. Promise to obey and submit Roger Williams Who; amiable and popular Salem minister with radical ideas; extreme Separatist What; threatened Puritan leaders – challenged them to cleanly cut ties with corrupt England and challenged legality Bay Colony’s charter (taking land from Indians w/o fair compensation) Denied authority of civil government to regulate religious behavior (treasonable act) When; 1630s Where; Massachusetts Bay Colony Why;
Pennsylvania was a leader among all the English colonies and the United States in the abolition movement which did not come to full fruition in the United States until the Thirteenth Amendment of 1865. The abolition movement in Pennsylvania started nearly 2 centuries earlier with writings by leaders of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) and later coalesced into a formal abolition movement with the formation of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society. The Quakers using their religious principles were a major force in the passing of the first anti-slavery law in the United States in 1780. The slave trade did flourish in Pennsylvania when it was founded in the 17th century. The earliest reference to slaves in Pennsylvania was in 1677, and William Penn, himself, held at least 12 slaves and granted a charter to the Society of Free Traders that included a section on treatment of negro slaves (Turner1 –slavery in Col. PA – 141).
King Phillip’s war- war between Indian and English supporters of metacom and the colonists that killed 5% of colonists and twice as many Indians, including Metacom. The Indian population was decreased by 40% in southern England and eliminated resistance to white expansion 13. Indentured servants- people who come to America and work as a slave for an agreed upon number of years in return for freedom or property. They shaped the Chesapeake society until diseases killed them off 14. Virginia House of Burgesses and royal governor’s council- two chambers of legislature created in the 1650’s.
It was drafted by the Pilgrims who crossed the Atlantic aboard the Mayflower, seeking religious freedom. It was signed on November 11, 1620 * The main purpose of the Mayflower compact was to establish self government, freedom of religion and to write a constitution within 5 years. JOHN WINTHROP – * John Winthrop was a wealthy English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth Colony. * He delivered the famous "City upon a Hill" speech. He was against the idea of pure democracy because of ‘’common folks’’.
A member of the Separatist movement within Puritanism, in 1609 he left England and went to Holland seeking religious freedom. Finding a lack of economic opportunity there, in 1620 he helped organize an expedition of about 100 Pilgrims to the New World. He helped draft the Mayflower Compact aboard the group's ship, and he served as governor of the Plymouth Colony for all but five years from 1621 to 1656. He helped establish and foster the principles of self-government and religious freedom that characterized later American colonial government. His descriptive journal provides a unique source of information on both the voyage of the Mayflower and the challenges faced by the settlers.
WE THE PEOPLE UNIT ONE; SECTION 1 I. The Founders View of Constitutional Government A. Characteristics of Colonial America 1. U.S.—officially recognized as independent nation in the Treaty of Paris of 1783... nearly two centuries after first European settlers landed in America 2. colonies established colonists first noticed their vast size a. England and Scotland --smaller than present states of NY and PA b. states -- separated by thousands of miles 3. colonists - not first people in North America 4. By end of Revolutionary War few Native Americans lived along Atlantic Coast a. colonial settlements ... disease... warfare reduced their population
This is the reason why the colonial history of Virginia is important. As one of the thirteen colonies that united to declare independence from the British crown, Virginia has come a long way from being a Southern British colony to a thriving metropolitan state. 1 Early Days It all started in mid-1606, when the king of England, King James I, gave a land grant to two English companies to settle in what is now modern-day Virginia, as the king tried
The London Virginia Company, a joint stock company, financed the trip to the New World in hopes of making money off the venture. New England, on the other hand, was founded for religious purposes. The Separatists, a small group of Puritans, broke away from the Anglican Church and were being persecuted in England. Therefore, they headed to the New World in search of religious freedoms. All of the New England colonies, with the exception of Rhode Island, were settled for religious purposes.
By 1819 new states were all being added as slave states. Missouri in 1821 which was not part of the original N.W and S.W ordinance was a new slave state. Planters thanks to Eli Whitney, were now able to grow different types of cotton that was better suited for the internal lands of the U.S. Northern states were worried about the increasing slave states because it meant that there was a growing southern power in the house of Reperesentves. In 1821 Missouri was admitted into the union in 1820 because of the Missouri compromise. This meant for the admission of Main as a free state.
The first Africans ever to set foot on American soil were brought over by a Dutch slave trader who traded his 20 or so African workers for some food in Jamestown, Virginia. The division of this country was due to slavery. While the northern states fought hard for freedom the southern states fought hard for their rights as states to keep slavery legal. The reason for the differences between the North and South can be traced back to one man, Eli Whitney. Whitney did not intend to have created such a