Event 3: Protestant Reformation - 1530s During the early 1500s, Spain and England were allies. Since Spain was their ally, England took little interest in establishing colonies in the New World. After King Henry VIII broke England's ties with the Roman Catholic Church, thus establishing the English Protestant Reformation, religious conflict between the Protestant England and the Catholic Spain escalated. Queen Elizabeth I was placed on the throne in 1558, in which she would promote goals of Protestantism and seizing the Spanish naval and raiding Spainish settlements. Event 4: England's victory over the Spanish Armada - 1588 Although Spain and England were allies during the first half of the 1500s, due to religious difference, the two Europeon countries became bitter rivals.
It was King Philip II that sent the Spanish armada to conquer England. Philip did this for many reasons. The first reason it that Elisabeth had made Phillip angry by refusing his marriage proposal and just by being protestant but the thing that made Philip sent the armada was that Elisabeth was funding the protestant rebellion. All of these made the one big reason for Philip to send the armada. To prepare for the armada many things had to happen.
Narrative Frameworks and Erasure: Early U.S. – Indian Policy The invasion of New England in the early 17th century by European settlers saw a delicate balance struck between Native Americans and New English settlers. The settlers depended on Native Americans for their survival, and in turn Native Americans sought to investigate and contain the new element in their territory. In time, settlers seeking to expand westward used violence and brought disease that decimated native populations. European settlers claimed the land it as their God-given right, and declared themselves the first civilized people to occupy the land. The invocation of divine will is an example of one of the many ways in which Europeans sought to change the story about their relationship with Native Americans during America’s early history.
The threat of the Scottish army was also used to persuade the King to consent to the Triennial Act (15 February 1641). This stated that Parliament must be called every three years, and that if the King failed to call Parliament, the Members of the last Parliament should assemble unsummoned. Passing laws was all very well, but many Members of Parliament were afraid that Charles might still mount a violent coup to regain absolute control. To try and prevent this happening, they decided to attack all those who had helped Charles organize the personal rule of the 1630s: William Laud, Lord Keeper Finch, Secretary Windebank, the judges who had upheld the legality of Ship Money and - most importantly - Thomas Wentworth, Earl Strafford. Charles' opponents John Hampden (1594-1643) was a wealthy Buckinghamshire gentleman, who had led to opposition to Ship Money.
This establishment quickly collapsed and the first permanent English colony of Jamestown was established 20 years later in 1607. With over a 100 year head start on England it would make sense that Spain capitalized the most on the New World; however it is quite the opposite. The differences in the colonization process helped England capitalize more by giving them the resources needed to bring them into the Industrial Revolution, and led Spain into a period of decline. There are many differences in how England and Spain colonized the new world. These differences include; the location of the colonized land, the treatment and relationship of the natives, reason for colonization, and the capitalization of the natural resources.
Between the settlement of Jamestown in 1607 and the French and Indian War the colonies have been isolated by the mother country due to the policy of salutary neglect in which the king argued that colonies should take care of their own affairs, as the British were busy fighting foreign wars. In 1763 the foreign wars ended in British victory, now the mother country has the time to focus on the colonies and restored its empire by taxing the colonies. Over 150 years of self - rule, yet loyal to the mother country, the English colonist will be imposed to follow laws and policies that violates the principles of their natural rights, and the principle of no taxation without representation The Proclamation Act of 1763 marked the beginning of the American Revolution as
The Dutch Republic, where Locke spent time, had been founded as a secular state which would allow religious differences. This was a reaction to Catholic persecution of Protestants. Once the Calvinist Church gained power, however, they began persecuting other sects. In France, religious conflict had been temporarily quieted by the edict of Nantes. But in 1685, the year in which Locke wrote the First Letter concerning religious toleration, Louis XIV had revoked the Edict of Nantes, and the Huguenots were being persecuted and forced to emigrate on mass.
It has been argued that Charles I was the main reason that war broke out. I will be investigating whether this is a far accusation by looking at the long-term and the short-term causes for the English Civil War and assessing how far Charles was really to blame. Firstly, it has been argued that Charles was to blame for the long-term reasons such as wanting to make changes to religion, the power of the king and money. For example, Charles was partly to blame for money because he was trying to buy off the Scottish with £850 a day (which he could not afford) as a result from trying to make the Scottish Puritans. They rebelled and tried to attack.
Parliament would eventually go on to create the New Model Army in response to events that surrounded Charles I, personal rule and his marriage to a catholic Queen Henrietta Maria, the daughter of Henry IV of France. (1600-1649). (Visual Sources Book), Plate 10.1a, (p.52). (online britroyals). However, the trigger for unrest and the Civil War was brought about by the king’s demand for money through taxation.
The New England colonies, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were conceived and established as "holy experiments" by the puritans. This group of English Protestants, whose only wish was to "purify" the Church of England, began to receive savage punishment from England for their religious beliefs. In turn, driven by religion, thousands of the religious zealots immigrated to New England to worship God in the way that they saw fit. However, although the Puritans did leave England, running from there own religious persecution, once they had established themselves they self-righteously employed the