Community Set-Up – How Prosocial Behaviour Is Expressed in Different Societies.

1456 Words6 Pages
Table of contents Introduction Definition of prosocial behaviour and brief explanation of the topic’s discussion Discussion of the topic Cultural factors a) Community set-up – how prosocial behaviour is expressed in different societies. b) Society norms Socialisation within the family a) Parenting styles b) Modelling and imitation c) Siblings The child’s individual characteristics a) Temper b) Sociability and Shyness Introduction Prosocial behaviour is a voluntary response to the needs of others. The response is driven by the motive to support other’s needs without expecting anything in return. Altruism is synonymous with prosocial behaviour. Altruism is regard for and dedication of the welfare of others (Alfred et al, 1976). One of the most important reasons of the development of prosocial behaviour is empathy. Empathy is an emotional response that occurs as a result emotional state of another person. The ability to detect accurately what another person is feeling, and to see a thing from the other person’s perspective is also what empathy entails. Empathy develops from a young age as a result of the interaction that occurs between the caregiver and the child. Prosocial behaviour is the outcome of several factors that also include socialisation that happens within the family. The family is a very influential in the development of prosocial behaviour in children. It is the first environment in which the child interacts from a young age. Culture is also crucial in the development of prosocial behaviour. Prosocial behaviour promotes morality in the society and ultimately non-offending behaviour. Cultural factors a) Societal differences in expressing prosocial behaviour Altruism is expressed differently between individualistic and cooperative societies. In the United States of
Open Document