Assignment 1 PYC4811 Critical Essay Comparing Community Psychology and Public Health Approaches Contents Page Page 1 Cover Page Page 2 Contents Page Page 3 Critical Essay Page 5 Reference Page The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast Community Psychology to the Public Health. Firstly, I shall provide the premise from which each operates. Secondly, I shall provide the differences and similarities between the two approaches. In Community Psychology there are four models. Two of these models are predominantly mentioned, The Mental Health model and the Social Action model.
Community psychology and public health share some similarities and differences for an example they resemble each other in what they want to achieve and they both prevention oriented , however they tend to differ on they plan to achieve this depending on their roots. Community psychology for an example has its roots in community health movement with the intention to prevent mental illness and its consequent disruption of the usual patterns of living, it also focuses on promotion of mental health. Whereas public health was stimulated by unhealthy social conditions in both industrial urban and rural areas with an intention to combat the spread of infectious diseases by promoting, protecting and restoring people’s health, it also focuses on empowerment. To elaborate more on this public health embraces the primary health care approach as it also focuses on social pathologies, promotion and empowerment. Both approaches also saw a need to act due to lack of resources and treatment facilities as leading approaches that dealt with the mentally ill were not addressing the needs of majority of society, some like psychotherapy were effective but it seemed to only help certain individuals and did nothing to reduce the incidence of the disorder down the road like Albee said that our goal as community psychology is to reduce the incidence of the mentally ill. Another similarity is that both approaches are dealing with health and the well being of society in general not individuals.
Issues of Bias in the Diagnosis Systems – 25 marks. Beth Phillips Classification of Mental Disorders uses the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). These are the 2 main classification systems is based on the biological or medical model of abnormality. Clinical psychologists aim to classify disorders so a label can be applied and treatment proposed. Behaviourist and cognitive models place less importance on identifying syndromes and more focus on identifying symptoms that need to be removed.
When departing from Freud, Adler addressed the importance of society and culture in the realm of the person. This was a new concept to the psychoanalytical world. Due to Adler’s acknowledgement of cultural diversity in the psychological make-up of the individual and its relevance, it is still a driving force in current counseling theories. Therapists are not to interact with clients based on the diagnosis of the client. “One way of looking at the role
Other people in the care setting responsibilities: Follow health and safety advice given to them. Co-operate with you to use appropriate
Running Head: PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction This paper is intended to discuss the psychoanalytic theory as developed by Sigmund Feud. The paper will also discuss the differences between the relational and isolated-mind view of human and emotion distress. I will also discuss the Heinz Kohut’s psychology of the self. I will also take time to highlight the differences between a theory that understands emotional distress as emanating from the inside of the patient alone versus theories that understand distress as emanating from the relational contexts in which self objects needs are not being met. Further still, I will discuss the differences between the theories that see the patient’s behavior as coming from patients mind alone versus the theories that see the patient as reacting to his/her environment.
Public Health Policy Public health policy has a weighty impact on the people’s health status. It is a process whereby transparency use approved evidence in the design and implementation to meet the designated policy objectives. The scientific, economic, political, and social forces, which inform the heath policies, have been addressed. It involves making decisions based on the best evidence available by the use of data and information systems, application of program planning frameworks, engaging the community in the making of decisions, conducting sound evaluation and disseminating whatever has been learned (Brownson, Chriqui & Stamatakis, 2009). A lot has been achieved through public health research and practice.
Developing Professional Practice – HS611 Introduction: For the purpose of this assignment the author has chosen to concentrate on developing professional practice within the Community Mental Health Team, where in they are currently employed. The focus group for the area of practice development is clients with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia, who are prescribed antipsychotic medication. This group of people have been chosen due to the increase chance of them developing uncomfortable, debilitating side effects as a result of taking these medicines. Some of these side effects can be treated but some are irreversible and can cause serious distress and discomfort for the client. Non-compliance with medication is often due to adverse effects however involving the clients in the recognition and management of them can help to overcome this.
This involved social diagnosis prior to deciding whether to give indirect treatment of relieving environment distress or direct treatment that is influencing the thoughts and feelings of individuals. Throughout the 1950s-960s Freudian psychoanalytic ideas particularly known as psychodynamic casework.1970-1980 methods were questioned about individual focus which suggested they were oppressed and failed to address the broader social economic issues that contribute to the problems experienced by service users. Psychosocial approach helps to keep an open mind .Imagination and knowledge of personality functioning human behaviour and emotional suffering are inherent in the ideas they assist in reaching differential diagnosis and treatment plans Clients interact with environment in unique ways. Counselling: -counselling is shorthand for any form of interaction to help people. As Sedan (1999) suggested Technique can be used in many areas that are undertaken by social work.
BTEC SUBSIDIARY DIPLOMA IN CARE UNIT 0NE DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE. JUSTICE PEPRAH BTEC SUBSIDIARY DIPLOMA IN CARE UNIT 0NE DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE. JUSTICE PEPRAH CONTENTS PAGE Pages P1: Explain the role of effective communication and interpersonal Interaction in a health and social care context. 4-11 P2: Discuss theories of communication. 12-17 P3: Explain factors that may influence communication and Interpersonal interactions in health and social care environment.