Introductory Awareness of Models of Disability Describe the medical model of disability: This model view disability as a ‘problem’ to only the individual with the disability and not to any other. Describe the social model of disability: This views society as the disabling factor, by designing things to suit the needs of the majority, rather than the needs of disabled people. Outline how each of the models has developed and evolved over time Medical model: This model has developed a lot over time. Rather than care being institutional orientated, many people are now in community based care settings, allowing them to feel included as a valuable part of society. Society has changed to view the strengths of individuals with disabilities, rather
Unit 58 Explore models of disability The Medical Model of Disability: The medical model views disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which requires sustained medical care provided in the form of individual treatment by professionals. In the medical model, management of the disability is aimed at a "cure," or the individual’s adjustment and behavioral change that would lead to an "almost-cure" or effective cure. In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the principal response is that of modifying or reforming healthcare policy. The medical model also gave people with disabilities credit suggesting they were experts in their disabilities. In essence, this model focuses more on the negative attributes of people with disabilities.
The right for free treatment with the NHS The right to see their medical records and to have their records kept confidential the right not to be forced into doing anything they dont want to do The right to choose Direct discrimination occurs when a person is treated less favourably than someone else. This could be on the grounds of their disability than the employer treats or would treat someone without that disability whose relevant circumstances (including their abilities) are the same or not materially different
I realized how effective group therapy can be for individuals especially those that are dealing with issues that are largely stigmatized. Even if a therapist has an addiction we are not to let a client know, which is a different experience for that individual. Therapists can give expertise thought and discussion but they cannot give the individual the same acceptance that one could get from a group meeting. I think it is important to know our limitations with our work and know when to incorporate other resources. In reference to the disease model, it separates the person and the disease, that they are two different entities.
The BSP is somewhat different from the biomedical model which Doctors in medicine uses as this kind of treatment model focuses more on the physical process as the pathology or the origin of the disease, its biochemistry and its physiological aspects (Wampold, B. (2001). The biomedical model only explains the biological aspect without involving the psychological and social background. Psychological and social aspects are important in determining that the diseases and illness are occurring without effect on both process and outcome of the treatment. Psychological aspect of it plays an important role in determining the prognosis of an individual with disease regardless of the severity of their medical diagnosis (J. W. Drisko and M. D. Grady, 2012).
This invariably meant that people with disabilities were mainly shut away in institutions with no real need for society to change at all. This model implies that disabled people should make the effort to ensure that they don’t cause any inconvenience. Social Model of Disability: This model argues that the problem lies with society, and that there are various social and physical barriers that hinder people with disabilities, therefore disabling them even more. Within the social model, it is recognised that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce some of the barriers. It is a more pro-active inclusive approach and much thought is given as to how disabled people can participate in activities alongside non-disabled people.
Thus, a person’s health should not be sacrificed due to that patient’s autonomy or right to make his or her own choices. As long as a patient is informed about the consequences of their actions, then one should be able to do what he or she deems necessary. Ms. Selbstmord’s case illustrates the shift that society is beginning to make further from autonomy and to other principles that place less value on a patient’s rights. References Callahan, D. (1994). Bioethics: Private choice and common good.
The model emphasises preventing and changing the cause of an illness on a more natural way instead of relying on medication. However It takes time to look for factors affecting the illness and a prevention to stop it from reoccurring and it doesn’t approve of medication being the complete solution to an illness and that there has to be a social factor also influencing
The internal controller believes that for the most part they are in control of their own health. External controller believes that they have no control over their own health. The powerful other believes that their health care is under the control of health professions. This way could show you how much control you have of your life and help you to improve that control. If the recent death was in a health care environment then talking to others could help you to realise that nothing more could be done for the person.
The informed consent presents the treatment information in an understandable manner in an effort to avoid any misunderstandings leading to a possible delay in care. A lack of understanding opens the door to further communication between the physician and the patient or their appointed surrogate. If the patient has not appointed a surrogate, health care professionals cannot treat a patient against their will unless the courts have appointed a health care surrogate. However, when the wishes of a patient conflict with the decision of their surrogate, the health care provider should revert to their institution’s policy or court intervention. When