Christmas Carol- Themes.

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Change; The change in Scrooge's character is the whole point of this short story. If he did not change, there would be no story. At the beginning of the story, Scrooge is a miserly man who seems to hate people. He won't let his clerk have a warm fire and he won't participate in any sort of holiday festivities. But then Scrooge is shown visions by the three spirits. After that, he changes his character completely. He realizes that he has not been behaving well and he mends his ways. For example, he buys the biggest goose for the Cratchit family where once he would not have wanted Cratchit to even have a fire to keep him warm at work. Family; The entrance of Scrooge’s nephew Fred at the beginning of the story shows the reader that Scrooge does have family but decides to ignore them. He chooses to be alone and in darkness while the Cratchit family- who are poor financially- are rich as a family. But family provides the antidote to this coldness. Scrooge does have a kind of family in his partner Marley, the inseparability of their names above the firm’s entrance shows how close they are—at least in business terms— Victorian Society; Dickens blames the huge class stratification of Victorian England on the selfishness of the rich and, implicitly, on the Poor Laws that keep down the underclass. Scrooge is the obvious symbol of the greedy Victorian rich, while the Cratchits represent the working poor. When the children of Ignorance and Want crawl out from under the robes of the Ghost of Christmas Present, the ghost sends a message to Scrooge, and the same is given to the Victorian reader: to help out those in Want, and beware of Ignorance in oneself and others. Regret; Marley regrets the way he lived his life because he missed out on so many opportunities for happiness. He neglected the people around him and focused only on his own wealth, and for that he
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