Child Poverty And Teenage Pregnancy Essay

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Demographics are factors relating to the population. Even when the specific health status of a population cannot be directly measured, we can infer some information from broader characteristics. By understanding the distribution of social and economic factors within populations it is possible to predict resulting levels of health and illness. These are the demographic characteristics. Four characteristics in particular have been shown to be excellent indicators of population health status. Age is the strongest indicator of need for health services. Gender is the next most important indicator. Women have higher morbidity than men across their life-span, while men die at significantly younger ages. Ethnicity has repeatedly been shown to be a strong indicator of health status. Deprivation, socioeconomic factors such as income, education and unemployment, is recognised as a major indicator of health. These are demographic characteristics that will influence services, for example if a local community have a particularly high number of older people then residential homes and nursing homes are going to be more important that than services for children like nurseries and playgroups. I have chosen to look at teenage pregnancies and child poverty in Norfolk. Child Poverty Many children and young people in Norfolk face a variety of disadvantages that mean they are less likely to have positive outcomes for their lives. A new child poverty report has revealed that parts of Norfolk have almost half of its children living in financial hardship. The latest report from The Campaign to End Child Poverty, named Norwich as the local authority worst affected in the region, with more than a quarter (30%) of children affected. One area in particular Nelson in Great Yarmouth is just 1% away of half of its children living in poverty.

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