Public Health Models of Care and Social Determinants of Health

322 Words2 Pages
PUBLIC HEALTH MODELS OF CARE AND SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH OBJECTIVES: 1. To be able to identify the social determinants of health which influence people in their daily lives. 2. To be able to recognize which of these determinants strongly contribute to stress. 3. To be able to know what are the powerful effects of stress to health. 4. To be able to formulate and use a simple public health model of care for stress. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the determinants of health include: the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and the person’s individual characteristics and behaviors. These determinants—or things that make people healthy or not—include the above factors, and many others: • Income and social status - higher income and social status are linked to better health. The greater the gap between the richest and poorest people, the greater the differences in health. • Education – low education levels are linked with poor health, more stress and lower self-confidence. • Physical environment – safe water and clean air, healthy workplaces, safe houses, communities and roads all contribute to good health. Employment and working conditions – people in employment are healthier, particularly those who have more control over their working conditions • Social support networks – greater support from families, friends and communities is linked to better health. Culture - customs and traditions, and the beliefs of the family and community all affect health. • Genetics - inheritance plays a part in determining lifespan, healthiness and the likelihood of developing certain illnesses. Personal behavior and coping skills – balanced eating, keeping active, smoking, drinking, and how we deal with life’s stresses and challenges all affect health. • Health services - access and use of services that prevent and treat
Open Document