# Chapter 7 Homework Composition Ii (Toulmans Model)

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David Huffines K. Soklow Comp II 5/3/12 Chapter seven (homework) Toulman’s model encourages you to think like a skeptic. It provides useful everyday terms to help you unearth, weigh, and, if necessary, fix an arguments logical structures. Toulman’s model describes the six components of a well constructed argument and how to use them to construct a persuasive argument paper. The six parts of an argument according to Toulman are the claim, the grounds, the warrant, the backing, the qualifiers, and the rebuttal. The claim is the assertion you are trying to prove, the grounds are the supporting evidence for the claim, and the warrant is a generalization that explains why the evidence supports the claim. The backing component of Toulman’s model shows the reasons why the warrant is reliable and the qualifiers are word that describe how, when and why your claim is reliable. The final element of the Toulman model is the rebuttal; rebuttals represent exceptions to the claim. One example of a precise and persuasive claim would be as follows; “While the rule of money doesn’t guarantee that the richer team will always win the World Series, it does make it more difficult for hard-pressed teams to compete for available talent.” According to a study done by the University of Michigan Healthcare Systems, kids’ age’s two to five spend an average of thirty-two hours a week in front of a television, and some seventy-one percent of kids in America age’s eight to eighteen have a television in their bedroom, this is an example of the grounds that support a claim. A warrant is a generalization that explains why the evidence supports the claim such as “All too often parents are oblivious to the amount of television violence their children are exposed to.” In order to provide backing for the warrant “All too often parents are oblivious to the amount of cartoon