Journal 11- examine the degree to which traditional gender roles and expectations have changed in your culture over the last 30 years. The traditional gender roles and expectations in Hong Kong over the last thirty years have changed a lot. 30 years ago, women in Hong Kong were with lower social status and had little power; they were assummed to be weaker and more passive; whereas men had higher status and power; they were supposed to be stronger and more assertive. However, as the society evolves and people’s expectation towards gender changes, gender distinctions between men and women are no longer that large. Women nowadays can work in labour intensive career, fix machines, or do whatever only men could do back in 30 years.
Using information from the Items and elsewhere, examine the reasons for changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation and childbearing in the last 40 years. Opinions of marriage, cohabitation and childbearing have changed in numerous amounts of ways in the last 40 years. Change in laws, social attitudes and norms contribute to change in opinions on marriage, cohabitation & childbearing. 40 years ago, the majority of the population believed that marriage was the foundation that a family should be built on. However due to views in society forever changing, an increasing number of couples in modern day Britain mostly cohabitate instead of marry.
Using information from the Items and elsewhere, examine the reasons for changing patterns of marriage, cohabiting and childbearing in the last 40 years (24 marks) The term marriage refers to a legal contract between man and women binding them as husband and wife by legal or religious commitments. Cohabitation refers to a man and women living together in a relationship. There is no legal or religious element binding the couple together. Childbearing refers to the process of giving birth. However all three have changed significantly over the last 40 years.
Women today, have their own money and careers. Instead of waking up at the crack of dawn to fix the family breakfast, she runs off to the gym, to get in a good workout. Then, it’s off to work for eight hours. Today women most likely have a housekeeping service to do her cleaning around the house. For dinner, she calls the nearest pizza delivery service.
Women are generally getting married later as they are pursuing a career before settling down. This has changed as 40years ago women would normally have to stay at home and have children and look after the house, but now women have the same rights as men. This is affecting fertility rates and they have started to decline, which is not good for our population. Since the 1960’s there has been a change in attitude towards marriage and a decline in religion. There has been less social pressure.
This is where the increase of females’ domestic work started. Women were full-time housewives where they spent the whole day doing housework and looking after the children when they came home from school. The men were the breadwinners of the house and spent little time at home. They would go out to the pubs with work mates and spend little leisure time with their children and wives. Feminist Ann Oakley (1974) disagreed with Young and Willmotts view and said that yes, men were helping more around that house but women still did the majority of the work, but argued that the research they did was inaccurate as the husbands they interviewed said
It has been said that work can cause a lot of stress on everyone, what do you expect when both men and women are working, raising a family and going to school. In previous generations this was not an issue fathers were known as the bread winners and the mothers stayed home to raise the children and do the house work, but that was before the economy got so bad and a lot of people needed two incomes just to make ends meet. Now both mothers and fathers have to work to provide for their family and this has caused the children to suffer, it is a known fact that younger children need their parent(s) around a lot between birth and around age 5 when they start school, so that the parents can care for them and give them the love and support that they need at such a young age. In recent years women have started to rethink when they should have children only because if they have children they are limited to what they can do both at home and work. If they are college students or even if they just want to continue their education or even pursue a new career they would find it very difficult, having a family or even children is difficult.
The Roles of Women throughout History Selina M. Turner HIS103: World Civilizations I Professor Scott Maxon January 7, 2013 The Roles of Women throughout History From the beginning of time, gender roles have been in place. No matter how people have fought against them, men and women, while potentially “seen as equal” are not. We all see the obvious physical distinctions between men and women, but that’s not the only thing that sets them apart. Today it is common to see men and women working side by side in the business world, or sharing household duties, but roles were much different in ancient civilizations. Unfortunately, not all societies viewed women as equal.
Despite the obvious physical differences between men and women, choice of a profession, and roles at home; which have been changing from the beginning of the human kind. It should not be said that men are superior to women within the occidental culture. The roles of men and women have evoluted in the past centuries. Thirty years ago the roles of women were very different to that of today. At that time, women were socialized to attend exclusively to home and family tasks.
Martha Smith had her first child in 1922, followed by her second a year later. During this time she and her husband were renting farms and she learned how to set hens, raise chickens, feed pigs, milk cows, plant and harvest a garden, and can fruits and vegetables. These chores can be hard work, especially while caring for your children. She would of needed to get up really early to feed the animals and spent a lot of time canning fruits and vegetables depending on the amount harvested at that time. She would also carry water almost a quarter of a mile from the well to boil so she could do her laundry.