In May 1940 Germany was dominating the French in France and so the Allies had to withdraw to the beaches Dunkirk. There was then a huge operation to evacuate the soldiers by the navy and small boats sailed there by volunteers to rescue roughly 350,000 French and English troops. This left only Britain to be defeated for Germany to have defeated and captured the whole of Western Europe. Hitler’s next operation was to invade Britain. Hitler knew that the German Navy was too small to control the English Channel but he believed that with the Luftwaffe he could successfully defeat Britain.
(Stevenson, pp.13-17) In other words, Germany was trying to cover too much territory. At the end of 1916, Germany, whose surface fleet had been bottled up since the indecisive battle of Jutland, announced that it would begin unrestricted submarine warfare in an effort to break British control of the seas. In protest, the United States broke off relations with Germany in 1917 and entered the war. (Ferro, pp.112-115) American participation meant that the Allies now had at their command almost unlimited industrial and manpower resources, which were to be decisive in winning the war. It also served from the start to lift Allied morale.
The Treaty of Versailles was to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939, firstly, because its one of Hitler's main aims to destroy the treaty in his foreign policy. Many Germans, including the Nazis, felt the treaty was incredibly unfair on Germany. The treaty placed restrictions on the German military, for example, only 100,000 men in the army, 6 battleships, no airforce, submarines or tanks, and only 15,000 men in the army. This would have decreased the national pride in Germany and many extremist dictators would want to rearm to restore the German pride. This meant that tensions would increase because the Germans would have wanted revenge, thus meaning a war would be very possible.
Was Churchill justified in using the strategic bom • Russia had been pushing for a seconf front in Europe which would involve an amphibious landing. Churchill had had several disasters with amphibious landings (Gallipoli/ Narvick) and knowing it was an area of weakness leant towards the bombing campaign • Churchill understood that an amphbious landing could potentially result in the loss of thousands of British lives (lack of resources and weak army) and using the bombing campaign instead would "deal" with Germany quickly without the loss of as many British lives. • In the context of the time, Btisain has been bombed by Germany and many had suffered. Many people in the general public probably fely Germany deserved to be bombed after the destruction of towns like Conventry and areas of London. • Was a way of loweing morale and hindering German progression in the war, targeting their resources and factories.
This ruling is inadequate and can make the other countries aggressive and full of hatred. So Germany could get blaimed for World War one but there are many different attributes which made this war so horrible. The first mistake which Germany made was that the Kaiser gave Austria the total support if they wanted to attack Serbia. Of course Austria attacks Serbia with the mighty Germany behind there back. Austria would never made such demands if the German Kaiser wouldnt of promised unconditional support.
Global Essay The main focus of the United States when it dropped the atomic bombs on Japan was to force Japans unconditional surrender in order to save American lives. Many documents in government history support that this was the main focus. In 1947 Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson had in his memoirs that he believed that the Japanese would fight to the death and very end. This meant putting more American lives at risk in the war. Although the U.S. would’ve defeated Japan in the war eventually, the bombs made it so that they would surrender quicker so lives would be saved.
The 1919 treaty of Versailles required Germany to pay war reperation to France. These reperations made the people of Germany angry at the treaty and Hitler was able to manipulate and use this by promising not to pay them thereby gaining popularity. Another factor of the treaty of Versailles is the war guilt cause. This required Germany to take full responsibility for world war 1. Hitler instead blamed many others, mainly the Wemiar and the Jews, this also gained popularity with the people of Germany.
This essay explores some of the greatest decision making mistakes of World War 2. It does not discuss miraculous alternative history events such as "what if Hitler had a heart attack", only reasonable and realistic alternative decisions which were not made, with or without proper discussion by decision makers, which could dramatically change the course of the war. Some of these alternatives could end the war significantly sooner, with less bloodshed in both sides. Too few submarines - Germany The German Navy's main task at war was to cut Britain's maritime life line by a maritime blockade. Since Britain is an island, without fuel, metals, other materials, all imported by merchant ships, its military production will stop, its Air Force, Navy, and mobile ground forces will be immobilized, and it will no longer be able to defend against a devastating air bombardment campaign that will reduce its war effort to futile suffering of single-sided mass destruction, and it will have to surrender.
The policy of appeasement, embraced in vain by Great Britain and France in the 1930s, was ultimately a bid to reach a peaceful understanding with Germany. However this was only a failed policy which directly would lead to war as it encouraged Hitler, abandonining policy would have prevented such a brutal war, Hitler was an unreasonable dictator and that had always intended to fight a war and that he would not be appeased. These crucial factors ensured that appeasement policy would Utltimlty the appeasement directly resulting in the Second World War Brittan and France With the rise of Hitler Germany sought to revise the terms of paris peace settlement through aggression as he stated in mieng kamf he would “break the unjust terms of the treaty of versallies”. The memories of WW1 were still alive and Britain and France were disenchanted with the idea of using force to solve European disputes as they were economically. The feeling swept especially throughout Britain that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh, and Germany should be able to make some amendments to its more extreme elements.
Was the Great Depression the main reason why the Nazi party grew between 1929 and 1932? The Great Depression occurred in 1929 and affected Germany because America took all their loans from Germany so business’ close and the standard of living in Germany decreased. After the Great Depression, the public went to the extremist parties, the NSPD and the Communists. This was because the German government didn’t have a reasonable plan for amending the crisis – the Chancellor Bruning believed that decreasing government spending and increasing the taxes would get Germany out of their economic crisis. This angered the German public as they thought that the government’s plan would just make living harder if they did increase the taxes.