Truman was at the Potsdam Conference when he heard the news of the Trinity Test. He warned that if Japan refused the terms of the Potsdam Declaration he would be using a newly developed weapon on them. In early August the Empire of Japan rejected the Potsdam Declaration; therefore, Truman kept to his word. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, an American B-29 bomber, left an airstrip in Tinian with Little Boy in its bomb bay. Little Boy was a uranium fueled atomic bomb intended to be dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.
There was a fight between Konoe and Tojo over the tactics of war. The date set for attack on Pearl Harbor was October 10th. Konoe stepped aside October 14th and Tojo became Prime Minister and gave an offer to the U.S.: Japan will withdraw from South Vietnam in exchange for 1 million tons of aviation fuel. U.S. and Japan start to develop different strategies and Japan chooses November 25th as the day the strike force under Adm. Chinchi Nagumo with six carriers. They leave Japan and by November 30th will head south toward Pearl Harbor.
Roosevelt called the event of December 6, 1941 a day that shall live in infamy. Pearl Harbor has been attacked in the first attack on United States soil since the war of 1812. In this surprise attack over 1,200 American military was killed and our Navy has been crippled, another attack like this wouldn’t be seen until September 11. As the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor they also attacked the Philippines, and Wake Island. As the United States was still recovering from the attack on Pearl Harbor, Emperor Hirohito declared war on the United States and the British Empire.
Also, the shark's blood is cold - cold blood usually means evil, lonely, unhappy. Warm blood means happiness. The shark is a cold-blooded killer. Another poetic device used was simile as in 'his fin, like a piece of sheet iron'. This tells the reader that his fin can cut through anything that crosses his path.
(History.com) Later on in the 1900 hundreds, there were several more reports of ships being hit by what was said to be a freak wave or rogue wave. One of the most famous ships to get hit by a rogue wave was the Queen Mary. In 1942 while carrying 15,000 American troops 608 nautical miles (700 mi/1,126 km) from Scotland during a gale, RMS Queen Mary was broadsided by a 92-foot (28 m) wave and nearly capsized. Queen Mary listed briefly about 52 degrees before the ship slowly righted herself. (live science.com) One of the most memorable rogue wave occurrences was on October 30, 1991.
He commanded USS EAGLE, USS CUMMINGS, USS LUDLOW, Destroyer Division 12 and USS INDIANAPOLIS; With the USS CUMMINGS and USS INDIANAPOLIS being in World War I. During the 1920s and 1930s, he was involved in naval gunnery and ordnance as Pacific Fleet Gunnery Officer and Inspector of Ordnance in charge of the Naval Ammunition Depot at Puget Sound, Washington, while sharpening his knowledge of shore bombardment so necessary in his later amphibious assaults. And in 1941 he commanded Atlantic Fleet task group in neutrality patrols and convoys, until April 1942 when he became commander Amphibious Force Atlantic. He was also Commander of the Western Naval Task Force. A naval task force was to land each of the three attacking forces at its objective and support it with naval gunfire and aviation.
On the 6th august 1945 the first atomic bomb ‘little boy’ was to be dropped on foreign soil for the first time from Enola gay to Hiroshima, japan. Harry. S Truman (the president of the USA at the time) commanded for the dropping of the bomb in an attempt to make Japan surrender. The bomb destroyed Hiroshima and over 70,000 people were instantly killed the in blast. Then just three days after the first bomb the second atomic bomb, 'Fat Man' was dropped over Nagasaki on August 9th, 1945 about at least 50,000 people were killed because of the blast.
US applied the strategy, Island hopping, to gain control islands in the Pacific Ocean. At the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese navy was destroyed. The Japanese used kamikaze pilots and inflicted damage in the Battle of Okinawa where US forces suffered 50,000 casualties. After Okinawa, the US developed the atomic bomb and was successfully tested in July 1945. President Truman called on Japan to surrender and when Japan gave an unsatisfactory reply, Truman decided to drop it on Hiroshima.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki were both very populated cities that had military members living there. "As far as I am concerned I made one great mistake in my life, when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them” (Einstein 620). Many innocent women and children were killed. Areas near where the bombs hit were contaminated with radioactivity. People died of radiation months and even years later after the atomic bombs explosions.
Russia was weeks away from breaking its neutrality pact with Japan and declaring war on Japan. Russia had some "25,000 men, 550 planes and motor vehicles, and 150 tanks being transported east" (Alperovitz, 101). The Soviets were well prepared for an attack and at a conference in Potsdam, which President Truman attended, Soviet Russia claimed it "was ready to start operations against Japan in the later half of August" (Moskin, 267). The later half of August was after the atomic bomb, so it was possible for President Truman to have waited for Soviet Russia to declare war against Japan. Since the Japanese had no defenses left, and no supplies, a Soviet attack against Japan would have ended the war with Japan quickly.