War Mobilization

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Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war, and the mobilization of manpower and woman power for both the military and wartime production: In 1942, the War Production Board was established to manage war industries and the Office of War Mobilization controlled raw materials. Almost 15 million men and 200,000 women served in the armed forces, as well as farmers. These enlistments left huge employment holes in the economy. About 6 million women took up jobs in all types of work. With depression related unemployment over, the bracer program brought around 100,000 workers from Mexico to labor in agriculture and railroads. During World War 2, level of productivity put forth by American Industry was incredible. With Henry Kaiser’s…show more content…
In the Pacific, it was largely the U.S armed forces that defeated the Japanese. After the Pearl Harbor attack, Japan succeeded in achieving control over much of East Asia and Southeast Asia. In early May, in the Battle of the Coral Sea, U.S aircraft carriers stopped a Japanese invasion of Australia. Next, the decoding of Japanese messages enabled U.S forced to destroy Japanese carriers and planes. US applied the strategy, Island hopping, to gain control islands in the Pacific Ocean. At the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese navy was destroyed. The Japanese used kamikaze pilots and inflicted damage in the Battle of Okinawa where US forces suffered 50,000 casualties. After Okinawa, the US developed the atomic bomb and was successfully tested in July 1945. President Truman called on Japan to surrender and when Japan gave an unsatisfactory reply, Truman decided to drop it on Hiroshima. A second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and after a week, Japan surrendered. In 1941, shipments of war materials from the US to Britain were being sunk by German submarines so Roosevelt ordered the navy to use Destroyers. Gradually, the Allies developed ways of containing the submarine menace through the use of radar and sonar. Stalin ordered his troops to fight against the German invaders but suffered huge fatalities. Thus, Stalin demanded from the allies to open a second front; however, Churchill and Roosevelt delayed. The Allies began their North Africa campaign and succeeded in taking North Africa from the Germans. Next, US and Britain’s target was Sicily. However, the Germans were determined to resist against the Allied offensive. The Allied drive to liberate France was known as D-day. After this attack, Paris was liberated. By September, Allied troops pushed toward Berlin, but the Germans
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