Stephen Greene CJC 112-001 Criminology Social Labeling Theory Labeling theory is a pretty simple theory that is based on social deviations which result in the labeling of the outsider. It is deviance created by one’s own society. Social groups create deviance through the establishment of social rules, the breaking of these rules results in the perpetrator being labeled as a deviant (Fitch). Because of the objectivity involved it is needless to say that these labels are not always accurately applied to people. Once a label is given to an individual they become part of all the generalizations that go with that label (Siegel).
The authors attempt to educate the reader on victims pertaining to diasporas and refugee seekers, although does not give to much background information on the topic and the problems these individuals face. This review seeks to summarize and critique the quality of the author’s article. The main issue these immigrants face is many forms of discrimination. Due to these individuals being from outside the citizen’s respective community and having different characteristics, they are often alienated from the rest of society. Alienation is an emotional factor that could have extreme negative effects, on top of alienation the government does not protect them with the same human rights given to citizens of the nation.
In what ways can ethnocentrism be detrimental to a society? Ethnocentrism is believing that one culture is better than the other culture, personally I think that ethnocentrism can be detrimental to a society because along with someone believing that their culture is better than another it can also bring negativity and we all know that negativity brings down people and places which causes hostility which can result in unnecessary violence. 3. Define emigration and immigration. Emigration is when a person relocates from one country to another for reasons like finding a new job.
The superego is our moral authority this developed through identification of our parent’s moral rules and the social norms of society If the ego fails to balance the id and the superego this can lead to conflict and may result in a psychological disorder. If the id is not balanced by the ego and it becomes dominate this can lead to destructive tendencies and adverse pleasurable behaviour. However, if the superego becomes dominate an individual may be unable to experience any form of pleasurable gratification. This leads on to Defence mechanisms which convert unconscious impulses into more acceptable forms. For example, with displacement an impulse may be redirected away from its original target onto a more acceptable one (e.g.
It refers to patterns of attitudes that are considered to be antisocial and criminal by society at large, but are seen as normal or necessary by the subculture or social environment in which they developed” (Babiak & Hare, 2007, p. 26). In other words, sociopath behavior is a condition of learning and environment. Additionally, a sociopath may have the ability to empathize and have a developed conscience (Babiak & Hare, 2007). On the other hand, a psychopath’s diagnosis may be more neurologically based and are lacking in a conscience. Diagnosing Psychopathy The most frequently used diagnostic tool for determining psychopathy is the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R).
Discrimination can be caused by many factors. As I stated in the previous question, ”Prejudices and stereotyping are the ideas and thoughts people have about other groups of personss without regard to individual differences. I believe these lead to the actions of discrimination. The physical act of prejudice is discrimination.” An individuals upbringing plays a very important role in their outlook on prejudice and stereotypes. Also, television and friends have a hand in the ideas that are placed into an individual’s thoughts.
The diagnosis that Randall McMurphy has is antisocial personality disorder. According to Mohr (2006), antisocial personality disorder display aggressive, irresponsible behavior that leads to conflicts with society and subsequent involvement in the criminal justice system, people with this disorder are often superficially charming, lack genuine warmth. Some ways to address character’s behavior could be psychotherapy as this focus on helping them gain control his anger and impulsive behavior by redirecting triggers and developing alternative coping strategies according to Hoeksema (2004). Secondly cognitive behavioral therapy could be use as a behavioral strategy which offers reinforcement for positive change; social skills and assertiveness training teach alternative ways to deal with frustration. Cognitive strategy will aid client to recognize and correct inaccurate internal mental, Townsend
Labelling theory suggests that “deviants are those people who have been successfully labelled as such by others” (Kendall, Murray, Linden, 2003:206). By labelling others as deviants, self identity is created. When people accept a negative label that has been assigned to them, “the label may contribute to the type of behaviour it initially was meant to control” (Edwin Lemert 1951:207). To encourage traditionalism and
When we discriminate against others and put them down just because we were using are cognitive and not getting to know people for who they are is when there is a problem. (Franzoi 196) Background of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination: The definition of stereotypes According to Stephen Franzoi the author of Social Psychology is, “beliefs about people that put them into categories and don’t allow for individual variation” (Franzoi 199). It is not always
Socioeconomic class along with stratification have meaning only because of social psychology within the individual (Schaefer, 2011) and when motivating a group that surrounds an individual this is called conformity (kowalski & Westen. 2011) One might take part in the social strategy of blaming the victim when justifying an action. When considering conformity this can backfire if the out-group vises impose upon a person who is seeking to fit into a group. An example of this type of conformity happens considering bigoted lines of religion or race. However, one must assume that the environment is diverse then one will seek a group to join or follow a model.